|Index of Volumes|
|VOLUME 137, NUMBER 4||1998/4|
ILO principles concerning the right to strike
Bernard GERNIGON, Alberto ODERO and Horacio GUIDO
This, the first synthesis of ILO principles on the right to strike, is the result of a thorough review of the decisions taken on this question by the bodies supervising the application of ILO standards - the (tripartite) Committee on Freedom of Association and the (independent) Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations. Included is a selection of restrictions on the right to strike commonly found in national legislation, culled from cases recently examined by the Committee of Experts. The authors are lawyers in the International Labour Standards Department, and thus well placed to provide this authoritative review.
Costs and benefits of dual apprenticeship: Lessons from the Swiss system
Siegfried HANHART and Sandra BOSSIO
Though little known, Switzerland's apprenticeship system has proven its effectiveness for nearly a century. On completing their compulsory schooling, nearly two-thirds of the country's young people undertake such training with alternating periods of enterprise-based training and attendance at a vocational school. The system's many advantages include the involvement of enterprises, easier labour market entry and trilateral funding. Drawing on the findings of a survey of a representative sample of enterprises, the authors explain how the system works and evaluate its costs to enterprises. They then examine enterprises' incentives and disincentives to train apprentices and look at the system's future prospects.
Trade liberalization and the politics of trade adjustment assistance
For more than 35 years the United States has offered assistance to workers displaced as a result of freer trade. The rationale lies in the welfare economics argument for compensation of those who lose from a shift in policy to meet broader social interests. The programme has failed to fully compensate for adjustment costs, of course, and the originally enthusiastic support of workers has given way to scepticism. Politics lie at the heart of the programme's origins, and institutional inertia is key to its longevity, the author argues.
New ILO publications