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Index of Volumes

Vol. 135 (1996), No. 5


Globalization and employment: Is anxiety justified?, by Eddy LEE

Rapid growth in world trade, foreign direct investment and cross-border financial flows is a sign of increased globalization of the world economy. The worldwide wave of economic liberalization driving these changes has raised significant apprehensions about the implications of globalization for employment and income inequality. This article seeks to allay some of these fears: that unemployment and wage inequality will inevitably increase in industrialized and developing countries; that an emerging global labour market implies a race to the bottom in wages and labour standards; and that these new problems mean the loss of national policy autonomy and government impotence.

Sexual harassment in employment: Recent judicial and arbitral trends, by Jane AEBERHARD-HODGES

This article seeks to evaluate the application in employment of recent legislation on sexual harassment, by examining judicial and arbitral decisions since 1990 in North America, and countries in Europe, the Far East and Africa. After outlining national legislation and relevant international instruments, the author reviews key cases also brought under labour law, laws on non-discrimination, equality of opportunity, human rights, health and safety, civil and criminal law. Trends emerge in the perception of sexual harassment as employment discrimination; the importance of the legal framework used and the composition of the hearing body; individual or employer liability; remedies and sanctions.

Data on race, ethnicity and gender: Caveats for the user, by Carolyn Shaw BELL

Are data sets reliable? Only if users read the small print annexes giving the details of data collections. The author takes an iconoclastic approach to major (mostly US) census and other data, to illustrate likely pitfalls. Changes in definition and fashion of racial or ethnic categories blur the picture. Classification by sex is simple, but gender awareness requires greater detail for a finer analysis of data on household composition, paid and unpaid work, occupation, employment status. The composition of the labour force is unknown. So, user beware.

Growth and income distribution in Malaysia, by Robert E.B. LUCAS and Donald W. VERRY

Addressing the continuing debate on the interdependence of growth and equality and the State's role in promoting or retarding growth, the authors consider the phenomenal economic growth and narrowing of income differentials achieved in Malaysia since 1970. They focus on the New Economic Policy, which sought to reduce inequality and eliminate the identification of race with economic function and geographical location. The mechanisms behind these successes are examined: stabilization policies and macroeconomic management, the broad strategy pursued at different phases, sectoral performance, and specific policies, especially on education and training. Finally, some general lessons are drawn.


The ILO's Code of Practice on the protection of workers' personal data.

Updated by MCN. Approved by MFL. Last update: 9 November 1999.