In Pakistan, the main source of statistical data on the labour force is the annual Labour Force Survey conducted by the Federal Bureau of Statistics (FBS). This survey collects information for persons above the age of ten years. However, there is a wide range of economic activities performed by many children below the age of ten. For this reason, the Government of Pakistan carried out a sample survey of households to provide baseline information on the extent and socio-economic characteristics of child labour throughout the country in the year 1996. This nationwide survey was undertaken by the FBS, in close collaboration with the Ministry of Labour, Manpower and Overseas Pakistanis (Labour Wing) and the International Labour Organization, as a component of the ILO’s International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC). This survey was the first of its kind in Pakistan. Summary findings of this survey have been shared in this report.