Gender and Youth Employment in the Commonwealth of Independent States

The study was commissioned in the context of the ILO project “Partnerships for Youth Employment in the CIS” implemented by the ILO Decent Work Technical Support Team and Country Office for Eastern Europe and Central Asia with financial support of the Russian private company PAO LUKOIL. The study covers selected CIS countries; namely, Republic of Azerbaijan, Republic of Armenia, Republic of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, and the Russian Federation. The study reviews the gender dimensions and gaps in employment trends, situations of education and training, as well as employment placements, highlighting disadvantages and discrimination young women and men face in the world of work in these countries. While all countries have established equality in education, training and employment opportunities in national laws, there remain gender differences in the labour market outcomes between young women and men. The study undertakes gender analysis of the reasons behind such gendered patterns of employment and labour market outcomes in various relevant countries where there is also a variation of gender differences in their labour markets.