BackgroundRecognizing that violence and harassment is incompatible with decent work, the ILO Convention on Violence and Harassment, 2019 (No. 190) was adopted at the International Labour Conference in 2019. It recognizes that violence and harassment can constitute a human rights violation or abuse and articulates the right of everyone to a world of work free from violence and harassment. The adoption of this Convention covers all forms of violence and harassment in the world of work and articulates the protection for all workers, an important milestone to realize decent work for all.
The Government of Nepal has made progress in enhancing legislative framework by having constitutional, legal, policy and institutional structures in the country to address discrimination and violence and promote gender equality. It has introduced several legislations such as the Sexual Harassment at Workplace (Elimination) Act 2015, Electronic Transaction Act, Muluki (General) Criminal Code, 2017, Domestic Violence Act, 2008. However, due to limited understanding of the laws by relevant stakeholders as well as general public and limited capacity of the key stakeholders to implement the laws, the issues of violence and harassment largely remain unaddressed in reality.
The ILO Country Office for Nepal, in collaboration with UN Women and CARE, organized a national workshop on “Action against Violence and Harassment in the World of Work with focus on Gender Based Violence” in Kathmandu in December 2019. At the workshop, the participants identified priority areas of action per organizational group. The priority areas of action included the need to continue with awareness raising, institutional capacity building and to develop code of conduct on sexual harassment to better prevent and respond to work-based violence and harassment. Subsequently, with support from the ILO/Japan Project on Strengthening Action against Violence and Harassment with Focus on Sexual Harassment in the World of Work in Nepal, a C190 Action Group was formed to take lead in preventing and addressing violence and harassment in the world of work.
The Project organized the first workshop for C190 Action Group which is part of the capacity building plan which took place virtually from 5 to 7 April 2021.
ObjectiveStrengthen capacity of each member of C190 Action Group to prevent and respond to VAH in the world of work.
The specific objective was to strengthen the awareness on the key concepts related to gender equality, discrimination and violence and harassment among the C190 Action Group members.