The ILO publishes a wide range of books, reports, working papers, training manuals, CD-ROMs, videos and flash movies, relevant to Indonesia and Timor-Leste. Some of these can be downloaded directly. Others can be requested or purchased in hard copy from the ILO Library in Jakarta.


  1. World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2020

    20 January 2020

    This report provides an overview of global and regional trends in employment, unemployment, labour force participation and productivity.

  2. The future of work and migration:12th ASEAN Forum on Migrant Labour (AFML) thematic background paper

    01 January 2020

    This paper was prepared to inform and guide the discussions on “Future of Work and Migration” at the 12th ASEAN Forum on Migrant Labour (AFML) held from 25 to 26 September 2019 in Bangkok, Thailand. The AFML is a tripartite meeting that brings together governments, employers’ organizations, and workers’ organizations, alongside civil society organizations, to discuss migration governance issues across the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region, and aims to promote and protect migrant workers’ rights. The AFML is supported by the International Labour Organization (ILO) through its TRIANGLE in ASEAN programme, the International Organization for Migration (IOM), and UN Women. This background paper was prepared to encourage consideration of migration governance in the context of the future of work transition, and proposes recommendations on addressing some of the specific migration challenges within the future of work.

  3. Effective return and reintegration of migrant workers with special focus on ASEAN Member States

    01 January 2020

    The return and reintegration of migrant workers back to their home countries marks the end of their migration cycle. While extensive work has been done on ensuring effective migration laws and policies, pre-departure training, and research on working conditions when abroad, there is little work done around the return and reintegration of migrants. This phase of the migration cycle has even been described as the ‘unwritten chapter in the history of migration’. In spite of widespread support and commitments, migrant workers continue to face challenges in accessing return and reintegration services. Aiming to address this gap, the ASEAN Committee on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers and the Government of Indonesia took the lead to develop a set of ASEAN Guidelines on Effective Return and Reintegration. This report was prepared with the support of the Governments of Australia and Canada, through the ILO TRIANGLE in ASEAN programme, to provide background and inputs to the development of these guidelines. The report highlights conceptual issues and good practices in reintegration of migrant workers in the ASEAN region and beyond. It was prepared as the background document for the ASEAN Workshop on Reintegration Programmes for Returning Migrant Workers (27–28 August 2019) in Yogyakarta, organized by the Ministry of Manpower, Government of Indonesia, and the ILO TRIANGLE in ASEAN programme.

  4. The ASEAN Forum on Migrant Labour (AFML) Background information booklet (4th edition)

    01 January 2020

    The ASEAN Forum on Migrant Labour (AFML) is a regional tripartite platform to discuss issues faced by women and men migrant workers from and within ASEAN. The ASEAN Declaration on the Protection and Promotion of Migrant Workers (Cebu Declaration) was adopted by the ten ASEAN Member States (AMS) in 2007 in Cebu, the Philippines. The Cebu Declaration shows the AMS’ commitment to protect and promote the rights of migrant workers in the region. In order to advance the principles of the Cebu Declaration, the AFML was established to provide an open platform for governments, employers, workers, and civil society organizations to discuss complex and regional labour migration issues. Twelve AFMLs have been held to date. This publication contains information on the establishment of the AFML, past themes, and the Recommendations adopted at the 3rd–12th AFMLs, showing progress being made toward the implementation of the Cebu Declaration. This background information booklet provides an overview of the AFML process, and is a product of the International Labour Organization (ILO) TRIANGLE in ASEAN programme, a partnership between the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Global Affairs Canada, and the ILO.


  1. Priority ILO work areas in skills development in Indonesia 2020-2021

    18 December 2019

    As skills help people access decent work and productive employment, the ILO supports the government of Indonesia and social partners to improve the country’s skills development systems.

  2. Policy note: Distance and e-learning in TVET

    18 December 2019

    This note provides information on distance/e-learning, and uses key research findings to draw attention to the issues that policymakers may wish to consider before incorporating these technologies in the delivery of technical and vocational education and training (TVET).

  3. Policy note: Government funding of skills

    18 December 2019

    This note aims to set out the main high-level issues which need to be considered when designing systems for government funding of skills.

  4. Public attitudes towards migrant workers in Japan, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand

    18 December 2019

    Public support for migrant workers remains limited in key destination countries in ASEAN, reveals a joint ILO/UN Women report warning against discriminatory attitudes and practices against migrant workers.

  5. Promoting value-added financial services

    17 December 2019

    This report presents a synthesis of results and learning accrued from testing value-added financial services for small enterprises in Indonesia. The report draws from the technical assistance provided to several financial institutions across the country and pilot-testing which was carried under the PROMISE IMPACT Project.

  6. Enterprise credit for manufacturing

    17 December 2019

    Report on a survey of banks in West Java to understand internal policies and issues affecting the supply of enterprise credit in the manufacturing sector.

  7. Does bundling credit and enterprise development services promote growth of micro and small enterprises?: Evidence from a randomized control trial in Indonesia

    17 December 2019

    Our study evaluates pilot projects that the ILO in Indonesia implemented with 13 financial service providers (FSPs). These pilots were carried out as part of the broader Promoting Micro and Small Enterprises through Improved Entrepreneurs’ Access to Financial Services (PROMISE-IMPACT) project.

  8. Skills for a greener future: a global view

    12 December 2019

    The first global report on the implications of the transition to low-carbon and resource-efficient economies for skills, gender and occupations.

  9. Mobile women and mobile phones: Women migrant workers’ use of information and communication technologies in ASEAN

    12 December 2019

    The joint ILO-UN Women Safe and Fair Programme: Realizing women migrant workers’ rights and opportunities in the ASEAN region (part of the multi-year EU-UN Spotlight Initiative to Eliminate Violence Against Women and Girls) undertook a qualitative study involving potential and returned women migrant workers in four countries of origin in the ASEAN region – Cambodia, Indonesia, Myanmar, and the Philippines. The study covers intra-ASEAN labour migration, including women who intended to migrate to, or had just returned from, Malaysia, Singapore, or Thailand. The study provides insight into women migrant workers’ use of mobile phones, and how women migrant workers could access more accurate information throughout the migration process and increase their connections with peers.

  10. Employment and environmental sustainability in ASEAN

    09 December 2019

    The Employment and Environmental Sustainability Fact sheet for ASEAN is part of a series providing a baseline for key indicators of employment and environmental sustainability performance in 36 countries across Asia and the Pacific. These indicators include: (i) employment in environmental sectors; (ii) skill levels; (iii) vulnerability of jobs; (iv) jobs in renewable energy; and (v) scoring on the Environmental Performance Index.

  11. Web Application on Freedom of Association

    02 November 2019

    How to secure and promote freedom of association? This web application provides an overview of the principles on freedom of association and explains how ILO procedures and bodies can be best used to secure and promote freedom of association across the world.

  12. ILO Publications Catalogue 2019

    01 November 2019

  13. Timor-Leste National Child Labour Survey 2016 - Executive Summary

    07 October 2019

  14. Timor-Leste labour force surveys 2010-2013-2016: Main trends based on harmonized data

    07 October 2019

    FOLLOWING the publication of Timor-Leste Labour Force Surveys 2010 and 2013 Main Trends Based on Harmonized Data, it was decided to extend the series with data for 2016 derived from the Child Labour Survey (CLS) conducted by the Directorate General of Statistics (DGS) in 2016.

  15. Timor-Leste National Child Labour Survey 2016 - Analytical Report

    07 October 2019

  16. Preparing for the future of work: National policy responses in ASEAN +6

    11 September 2019

    Spurred by technological advancements, demographic shifts and environmental and climate disruptions, fastpaced transformations are affecting how, where and when people work, impacting our labour markets and shaping the future of work. Preparing for the future of work: National policy responses in ASEAN +6 provides an overview of how countries in the Asia-Pacific region are reacting to such changes with new or adapted strategies and policies.