The Launch of ILO-KataData Survey on Knowledge, Perception and Behaviour on Care Work

The main aim of the event is to launch the key findings of the Care Work survey and to demonstrate the knowledge, perception and behaviour of the public at large (the society) towards issues related to employment and care work as well as shared obligations on care work.


Objectives

The objectives of the launch event are the following:
  • To launch the key findings of the Care Work survey and to demonstrate the knowledge, perception and behaviour of the public at large (the society) towards issues related to employment and care work as well as shared obligations on care work.
  • To raise public awareness and interests on the issue of unpaid care work, its relevance to their lives, its contribution to the economy and how it affects; gender inequality through the key findings of the survey.
  • To obtain responses from relevant stakeholders such as representatives of relevant ministries, companies, trade unions and relevant organizations, including the public at large on issues related to care work;
  • To encourage conversation through discussion on social media and public event; and
  • To attract mainstream media attention to the issue through the campaign.

Background

The care economy is growing as the demand for childcare and care for the elderly is increasing in all regions. It will thus create a great number of jobs in the coming years. However, care work across the world remains characterised by a void of benefits and protections, low wages or non-compensation, and exposure to physical, mental and, in some cases, sexual harm. It is clear that new solutions to care are needed on two fronts: in regards to the nature and provision of care policies and services, and the terms and conditions of care work.

As a follow up to the G20 meeting held under the Presidency of Indonesia in 2022 on care economy, the ILO supported the initiative of the Indonesian government led by the Ministry of Women Empowerment and Child Protection to develop a road map on care economy. Within the final G20 resolution, Head of States concurred to continue to work in addressing the unequal distribution in paid and unpaid care in their respective countries.

The ILO’s latest research on care economy in Indonesia found that investing in universal childcare and long-term care services in the country will generate almost 10.4 million jobs by 2035, from which almost 4.3 million corresponds to direct jobs in childcare, almost 4.3 million direct jobs in long-term care and 1.7 million indirect jobs in non-care sectors.

Additionally, the research also revealed that the investment in a universal and comprehensive care policy package could reduce the gender gap in employment rates by 5.5 percentage point change. This would translate in an increase women’s employment rate from 49 per cent in 2019 to 56.8 per cent by 2035.

To obtain actual data and understanding about the knowledge, perception and behaviour of the public at large and the society in Indonesia, the ILO collaborate with KataData Insight Centre, an institution specializing in research and data analytic, to conduct a public survey on knowledge, perception and behaviour targeting to 1,500 respondents nationwide.