BackgroundOver the next two decades, technological advances including automation and robotics, will significantly change jobs and enterprises in Indonesia. The ILO estimates that 56% of employment (over 60 million jobs) face a risk of automation in Indonesia. Female workers are employed predominantly in jobs requiring low STEM skills, which are clearly at risk of automation. Women are 20% more likely than men to losing their job as a consequence of automation.
To address these issues, and considering the national economic and social development priorities, the ILO identified the automotive and ICT sectors as high-growth in Indonesia, presenting significant projected STEM-related skills gaps and opportunities for growth for women over the next decades. Female employment in these sectors is currently very low and concentrated in low-skilled occupations. To change this, the ILO’s Women in STEM programme aims to improve women acquisition and adoption of critical soft and technical STEM-related skills for these sectors and, in this way, contribute to reduce the skills mismatches that are affecting workers’ productivity and enterprises’ competitiveness in this rapidly changing context.
However, since the World Health Organization (WHO) characterized COVID-19 as a pandemic on 11 March 2020, the world of work has been profoundly affected by the global virus outbreak. Globally, the COVID-19 pandemic is having a catastrophic effect on working hours and earnings as businesses are being forced to operate in limited capacity or close completely. These strict measures on businesses are being set by governments to reverse the trend of increasing local transmission of COVID-19.
Indonesia is no exception to this extraordinary global circumstance. As a matter of fact, COVID-19 pandemic is spreading like a wildfire in Indonesia, not only it has taken lives, it has also taken the earnings of millions of workers. Per 13 April 2020, one month after the Government of Indonesia announced the country’s first two confirmed cases of the virus, approximately 1.7 million workers from 94,752 companies – formal and informal – have either been told to stay home or laid off as a result of the pandemic. Finding income generation opportunities for those who lost their jobs becomes a priority.
Due to the social distancing restriction by the government, private and public Technical and Vocational Education Training (TVET) centers that are designed to provide opportunities for the acquisition and updating of job skills and the reduction of unemployment are expected to provide online trainings. While private TVETs are ready with a menu of hundreds of online trainings, public TVETs are not as equipped as the private ones. Especially for public TVETs that have been appointed to provide trainings for pre-employment card holders, these TVETs must rapidly transform their offline into online trainings through their Information,
Communication, and Technology (ICT) instructors. Not only that they must, in a short amount of time, create online training modules to support the pre-employment card program, these public TVETs also need to prepare their instructors to have the capacity and capability to deliver these online trainings. This sudden change in the methodology of training is new for some, if not most, of the instructors at public TVETs in general.
The Women in STEM workforce readiness and development programme has been collaborating with one public TVET, in this case BBPLK Bekasi, in seeking ways to provide women with critical soft and technical STEM-related skills to help women gain quality employment and support career advancement of women in the ICT sector in Indonesia. In the midst of COVID-19 pandemic and considering the need for public TVETs’ instructors to shift to online trainings, the programme will conduct a training for TVETs’ instructors on the creation and delivery of online trainings.
The training will be designed specifically for ICT instructors who have the responsibility to transform the trainings in their TVETs into online training. Participation in this training will be limited to 60 people from BLKs around Indonesia upon rigorous selection process. Through this training, the Programme aims to improve the capacity of TVETs’ instructors from all over Indonesia to create online trainings as well as to build their skills in employing various facilitation tools used for delivering online training. This way, trainings from public TVETs will be accessible for wider audience and delivered at the highest standard possible.
- Strengthen the capacity of public TVET instructors to design and deliver existing training programs online;
- Accelerate the transition of public TVETs to online training delivery;
- Support public TVETs to develop strategies and action plans to transition to online training;
- Facilitate access to skills provision (ICT-related) to those beneficiaries of the government led pre-employment card program responding to Covid-19.