BackgroundThe ILO responds to the HIV epidemic by providing technical assistance and support through a range of workplace programmes, specifically to contribute concretely to UNAIDS 90-90-90 treatment targets and more specifically to HIV testing in the world of work. In Indonesia, ILO has been promoting VCT@work along with non-discriminatory policy development on HIV at work place to create supporting policy and enable environment on VCT initiative at workplace to increase workers’ initiative to know their HIV status earlier and accessing treatment for workers living with HIV. The initiative has made notable progress in improving awareness of the workers, and private sectors, facilitating HIV counseling and testing and creating linkages with treatment and care and support for workers tested HIV positive.
However, stigma and discrimination on HIV are identified as significant challenges when there is no stronger binding among trade union and the management of the company. Moreover, the basic education on HIV prevention as the key point on reducing stigma and discrimination take an important role to increase awareness among the companies and workers.
ILO research on social protection access among people living with HIV in 2018 found 35 percent of respondents are working at private sectors, it shows the evidence that people living with HIV are in workplace sectors, however they prefer to closure the HIV status due the stigma and discrimination. Several NGOs who works on HIV and trade union organizations in Indonesia recorded number of workers living with HIV got termination once the management of company know their HIV status. Moreover, HIV cases at workplace stay hidden because of the fear of HIV status disclosure and rejection among community. These similar cases are predicted to increase when the intervention is not taken comprehensively from multiple sides.