- To raise the awareness and understanding of media persons and organizations on apprenticeship;
- To promote media coverage and campaign in the format of feature and in-depth writings to promote quality apprenticeship with a special attention to skills development and certification for apprentices through media publicities;
- To greater involve media persons and organizations in the coverage and development of news pieces for both print and electronic media, including photojournalistic, on issues related to apprenticeship; and
- To stimulate greater coverage and reportage on issues related to quality apprenticeship as means of education, advocacy and information that in turn will lead to better understanding about the apprenticeship practices and better policy making.
BackgroundIn the past 15 years, the Government of Indonesia has managed to reduce the unemployment rate and provide better education for the people. The unemployment rate has fallen to 5.3 percent in 2017 from a high of 11.2 percent in 2005. However, relatively low unemployment rate in Indonesia does not fully reveal the challenges that the economy faces to create adequate number of good and decent jobs. Although the overall unemployment rate declining, the unemployment rate among youth is also still very high (19.4 percent in 2017).
An equally worrying trend is the number of young people who are neither employed, in education or training (NEET). The proportion of NEET in Indonesia is quite high (23.2 percent) and in fact it is one of the highest rates in Asia. Skills mismatch and school to work transition is considered to be the main challenge and there is huge commitment from the Government of Indonesia to address this issue through apprenticeship. In December 2016, the President of the Republic of Indonesia launched a “National Apprenticeship Programme Movement” and called for companies and workers to join the programme.
However, during the course of implementation of this National Apprenticeship Programme, the government is facing many challenges and it has not yet produced the intended outcomes.
Despite much efforts in strengthening the national apprenticeship (NAP), the current programme remains open to interpretation and there is no clear common understanding of the NAP. The project will showcase that quality apprenticeship programme could be accepted by the tripartite constituents: Government, Employers, and the Workers, and will produce the intended employment outcomes.