BackgroundIn 2018, the World Day for Safety and Health at Work (SafeDay) and the World Day Against Child Labour (WDACL) are coming together in a joint campaign to improve the safety and health of young workers and end child labour. The campaign aims to accelerate action to achieve Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 8.8 of safe and secure working environments for all workers by 2030 and SDG target 8.7 of ending all forms of child labour by 2025. Achieving these goals for the benefit of the next generation of the global workforce requires a concerted and integrated approach to eliminating child labour and promoting a culture of prevention on occupational safety health (OSH).
Globally, some 541 million young workers (15-24 years old) - which includes 37 million children in hazardous child labour - account for more than 15 per cent of the world’s labour force and suffer up to a 40 per cent higher rate of non-fatal occupational injuries than workers aged 25 and above. Many factors can increase youth vulnerability to OSH risks, such as their physical and psychological stage of development, lack of work experience and lack of training, limited awareness of work-related hazards and a lack of bargaining power that can lead young workers to accept dangerous tasks or jobs with poor working conditions. The 2018 SafeDay campaign highlights the critical importance of addressing these challenges and improving safety and health for young workers, not only to promote decent youth employment, but also to link these efforts to combat hazardous – and all other forms of - child labour.
Indonesia, with a population of 255 million, is the fourth most populated country in the world. The country has a young population: Roughly half of the total population is below thirty years of age. The country is shifting away from an economy dominated by the agricultural sector, towards one with a greater share of activities within the industrial and services sectors. This trend is driving rapid urbanization and growth in the construction sector. However, 90 per cent of those working in the construction sector are employed as labourers and many work under casual contracts. While there is an absence of comprehensive Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) data, indications exist that the majority of workplace accidents occur in construction. Therefore, efforts are needed to strengthen the functioning of urban labour markets, to help ensure that workers and employers use their resources to promote and respect worker safety and health requirements, particularly for young workers, who suffer high rates of workplace injury and disease. On August 31st, 2015, Indonesia ratified ILO Convention No. 187 “Promotional Framework for Occupational Safety and Health” (2006). Consequently, the country is keen to implement and update the key components of the Convention, namely a national OSH profile, policy and programme, including with content relevant to young workers.
The Objectives of the Celebration Event are to:
- Raise awareness and increase knowledge on the particular hazards and risks faced by young workers, and reinforce a tripartite plus network of OSH Youth advocates;
- Facilitate dialogue on OSH and youth issues with policy makers,
- Produce recommendations for further advocacy work on OSH with a focus on young workers, including the establishment of Youth Task Force within Indonesia’s National OSH Council (DK3N).