Enumerator Training: Mapping of Homeworkers, Home-based Workers and Workers with Disabilities
Recognizing that it is important to promote decent work for all, including for people with disabilities, it is imperative to collect data on the prevalence, characteristics and working conditions of homeworkers including homeworkers with disabilities in order to document and understand the barriers to decent work that they experience.
Background and RationaleThe ILO/MAMPU – Access to Employment and Decent Work for Women Project (Phase 2) is part of the MAMPU Indonesia Programme on Empowering Women for Poverty Reduction funded by the Australian Government, and it has been implemented since February 2014 to improve women’s access to employment and decent work in conditions of equality.
While Indonesia has made significant progress in promoting gender equality especially in tertiary education enrolment and literacy rates in the 15-25 age group, in the world of work, gender disparities continue to persist, and the labour force participation rate for men ranged between 84 and 85 per cent while the rate for women ranged between 50 and 53 per cent during 2012 – 2013. There is the persistent occupational segregation with women being under-represented in higher paying jobs and senior management positions. Women earn less than men and the gender wage gap is particularly high among employees with a low level of education, 35.54 per cent for those not completing primary school and 36.42 per cent for those completing primary school. The proportion of workers in vulnerable employment is higher for women at 65 per cent compared to 57 per cent for men, with a higher percentage of women as unpaid family workers and a higher percentage of men as own account workers. This indicates that the majority of women are working without sufficient pay and access to decent work in Indonesia.
Homeworkers, referred as workers in the "putting out" system in Indonesia, constitute a particularly vulnerable category of workers, and the majority of homeworkers are women. They mainly work to produce products in their home according to the specification of the principle employer or subcontractor. As homeworkers are not generally recognized as workers and they work in their own home, their work is not properly captured in the labour force and the prevalence, characteristics and working conditions of homeworkers in Indonesia is not known. Another group of the population that is not well-documented in terms of their access to decent work is people with disabilities. As people with disabilities encounter a range of issues related to stigmas as well as reduce mobility, it is suspected that people with disabilities may be more commonly found in homework arrangements.
Recognizing that it is important to promote decent work for all, including for people with disabilities, it is imperative to collect data on the prevalence, characteristics and working conditions of homeworkers including homeworkers with disabilities in order to document and understand the barriers to decent work that they experience. The Project is planning to collect data on the prevalence of homeworkers and general working conditions in collaboration with the BPS during its Labour Force Survey in February 2015. In addition, the Project will collect more in-depth information on the characteristics and the living and working conditions of homeworkers through the mapping of homeworkers and workers with disabilities which can supplement the data from the BPS. The data collected through this survey will provide the necessary evidence of the prevalence and characteristics of homeworkers and barriers to decent work by women with disabilities in selected provinces in Indonesia and will enable the responsible government agencies to develop the necessary policies and programmes to effectively address decent work deficits faced by homeworkers and workers with disabilities in Indonesia.
It will also be a useful tool for civil society organizations in setting up appropriate programmes and services to support homeworkers and workers with disabilities. Since the Project’s intended beneficiaries are women, the data on barriers to decent work will be collected from women with disabilities. In this context, the ILO/MAMPU Project will work with local researchers, Disability People’s Organizations (DPOs) and Implementing Partners in carrying out a mapping of homeworkers and women with disabilities in Indonesia. In order to equip local researchers with tools and appropriate knowledge and skills to use them for field data collection, ILO/MAMPU is organizing a training for enumerators.
- To increase understanding on basic concepts related to gender, disability, decent work and informal economy including homeworkers.
- To increase understanding of local researchers on the research methodology and tools to collect data on homeworkers, subcontractors/businesses, and women with disabilities.