The construction industry is one of the main economic sectors in Indonesia. The sector’s contribution to the country’s Gross Domestic Product stands at about 10 % and the industry employs approx. 6.7 million workers out of the total labour force of 114.6 million workers . However, like in most other countries, the industry also has a high incidence rate in fatal as well as non-fatal accidents at work compared to other industries. The most common cause of fatal injuries reported [check JAMSOSTEK] is “fall from heights”, whereas handling, lifting or carrying, caused the largest proportion of non-fatal injuries. The sector consists of many small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).
As part of the overall effort in Indonesia to strengthen safety and health at work in the country and in particularly in the construction industry, the Ministry of Manpower and Transmigration (MoMT) has requested the ILO to support them in launching the Work Improvement at Small Construction Sites (WISCON) approach, which is a training approach specifically targeting small construction companies. The WISCON follows the ILO-developed training methodology “Higher Productivity and a Better Place to Work” - or as it is more often called today “Work Improvement in Small Enterprises (WISE)” - that offers a systematic approach to simultaneous improvements of working conditions and productivity at small workplaces. The approach is designed to encourage and assist SMEs in implementing low-cost, simple and sometimes voluntary measures to reduce the risks of accidents or diseases while at the same time increase the productivity or competitiveness. The approach emphasizes the following principles
- Build on local practice;
- Focus on achievements;
- Link working conditions with other management goals;
- Use learning-by-doing;
- Encourage exchange of experience;
- Promote workers’ involvement.
Though the approach promotes voluntary actions by employers and workers at the construction sites, the Indonesian legislation on safety and health for the construction, among them the Safety Act (Act No. 1), 1970 and the Manpower Act (Act No 13), 2003, constitutes the minimum standards. [More specifics on the legal framework).
The launch of the WISCON follows the launch of the WISE approach in 2011 and the subsequent implementation in several provinces for employers and workers and others involved at the construction sites.
Following the conduct of Training-of-Trainers’ (ToT) Workshop on WISE, the MoMT designed, budgeted for, planned and implemented a series of 11 WISE-training workshops for employers and workers in different provinces of the country in 2012-2013. Approximately 400 persons were trained through these programmes, which were organized in consultation with social partners. Checklists and other materials were translated into Bahasa Indonesia.
The same approach starting with a ToT is foreseen for the WISCON approach. The 4-day ToT is planned for 4-7 February in Jakarta, Indonesia.
ObjectiveThe objective of the ToT-WISCON workshop is to establish a cadre of officials from MoMT and the social partners, including the [Construction Industry Association/APINDO – the employers – check the correct name] and the trade unions, who would be trained and qualified to conduct WISCON training for employers and workers at small construction sites.
The workshop will also serve the purpose of testing the new WISCON approach and the manual.