ILO 100 on skills development

Sensitizing journalists on quality apprenticeship

To better engage journalists and media organizations on issues related to quality apprenticeship, the ILO organized a two-day media training that would be followed by a media fellowship programme.

News | Jakarta, Indonesia | 13 March 2019
The participating journalists discussed about the apprenticeship with the resource persons of the media training
A group of twenty five journalists gathered in Wahid Hasyim, Jakarta, to participate in the two-day Media Training on Reporting Apprenticeship in Indonesia. The training was conducted by the ILO in collaboration with the Alliance of Independent Journalist (AJI) Jakarta on 9-10 March.

The main goal of the media training was to raise awareness amongst journalists on how to deal with the complexity of quality apprenticeship issues in a better and more positive manner through their respective media. The training was also aimed at improving the journalists’ skills of writing on apprenticeship issues while keeping in line with the principles of journalistic ethics and promoting the values of quality journalism.

We trained 329 job seekers for 6 months in our apprenticeship programme. At the end of the programme, they have skills and employability that are suitable with the industrial needs."

Subchan Gatot, General Manager of PT Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indonesia (TMMIN)
Dede Sudono, Project Officer of the ILO’s Apprenticeship programme, began the introductory session by requesting the participating journalists to write their personal understanding about apprenticeship. “A journalist should have a good understanding about the key principles of quality apprenticeship before doing the reportage about apprenticeship,” Dede underlined, encouraging journalists to cover use the right terms and principles of apprenticeships in their media reportage.

As part of the practical learning experience on apprenticeship, the training presented three resource persons representing the Ministry of Manpower, company and trade union. Subchan Gatot, General Manager of PT Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indonesia (TMMIN), shared his company experiences in conducting the quality apprenticeship. PT TMMIN conducted its pilot apprenticeship programme in Karawang, West Java, in collaboration with the Manpower Office.

He admitted that apprenticeships were beneficial for companies as they could get skilled workers with relevant competencies needed by the companies. “We trained 329 job seekers for 6 months in our apprenticeship programme. At the end of the programme, they have skills and employability that are suitable with the industrial needs. Their capacity is equal with the fresh graduates that have been trained for a year,” he stated, adding that PT TMMIN would increase the number of its apprentices to 700 people in 2019-2020.


The revision of the Ministerial Decree on Apprenticeship will focus on the sanction for companies that are found exploiting their apprentices. This is as means to improve the implementation of quality apprenticeship in the country."

Fauzi, Unit Head of Apprenticeship Programme, Ministry of Manpower
Meanwhile, Fauzi, Unit Head of Apprenticeship Programme, Ministry of Manpower, explained that the Government of Indonesia is now in the process of revising the Ministerial Decree on Apprenticeship. “The revision will focus on the sanction for companies that are found exploiting their apprentices. This is as means to improve the implementation of quality apprenticeship in the country,” he said.

In addition to the revision, the Ministry of Manpower has targeted to certify 200 thousand apprentices this year. “We fund the certifications for these apprentices to encourage more companies to conduct their apprenticeship programme as part of the job creation.”

Meanwhile, Arson Naibaho from the Federation of Food, Beverage, Tourism, Restaurant and Hotel (Kamiparho) of the Confederation of Indonesian Prosperity Labour Union (KSBSI) highlighted the roles of trade unions in the implementation and monitoring of quality apprenticeship. The unions play an important role in ensuring and securing labour compliance in the apprenticeship programme. “We are against the exploitative apprenticeship programme, but we fully support the quality apprenticeship as ways to improve workers’ working skills,” he said.

We are against the exploitative apprenticeship programme, but we fully support the quality apprenticeship as ways to improve workers."

Arson Naibaho from the Federation of Food, Beverage, Tourism, Restaurant and Hotel (Kamiparho) of the Confederation of Indonesian Prosperity Labour Union (KSBSI)
The training was concluded with the development of the reportage proposals by the participating journalists. The proposals would further be elaborated into in-depth reporting on quality apprenticeship in the follow-up media fellowship programme. The training was also concluded with the agreement among the participating journalists, editors and facilitators to use the term of ‘Pemagangan (Apprenticeship)’ in Bahasa Indonesia.

“Bahasa Indonesia has only one term for all types of work-based learning, which is Pemagangan. Pemagangan is used for apprenticeship, internship, on-the-job-training and other types of work-based learning that can cause confusion. Thus, it is agreed in the training to use the combination of Bahasa Indonesia and English to differentiate apprenticeship with other types of work-based learning,” Dede explained.

The training was organized as part of the ILO’s Project, “Piloting National Apprenticeship Programme in Indonesia. The Project aims to pilot-test quality apprenticeship programme that is well-accepted and implemented by the tripartite constituents and could be replicated by the Government of Indonesia in other regions in Indonesia. Funded by ILO/Japan Fund for Building Social Safety Nets in Asia and the Pacific, the Project is also aimed to implement of the National Apprenticeship Programme (NAP) by the tripartite partners.