Mobilizing the private sector to deliver HIV prevention, treatment and care in high prevalence areas of Papua and West Papua

Brief information about the ILO's technical assistance, funded by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) of the Government of Australia, to the Provincial Manpower Offices in Papua and West Papua to increase private sector adherence to existing national and provincial policies on HIV in the workplace.

The HIV epidemic in Papua continued to expand at a steady rate with an overall prevalence of 2.3 percent. 2013 Integrated Biological Behavioural Surveillance (IBBS) showed that the bulk of infections were occurring among native Papuans with prevalence at 2.9 percent compared to non-Papuans at 0.4 percent. Geographically, prevalence in highland areas was slightly higher than lowland areas at 3 percent compared to 2.3 percent.

HIV related knowledge was also relatively low with 32 percent of IBBS respondents demonstrating understanding of how HIV is transmitted and only 9 percent showing comprehensive knowledge of HIV.
Most frequent risk behaviours reported by respondents included both reported casual and commercial sex without consistent use of condoms.

Therefore, well targeted workplace programmes can offer effective HIV and sexual transmitted infection (STI) prevention education that is integrated into existing safety and health and ongoing communication programmes.