Background of the Virtual Workshops on Quality Apprenticeship for Industries

To address the issues and in line with the Indonesian priorities for human capital development, ILO through various donor funded projects and with its own resources, support the ILO’s constituents of government and social partners on skills development. This includes providing technical assistance in the area of skills development coordination at the sectoral level, promoting quality apprenticeship, digital skills and distance learning. In addition, providing support to job seekers and women’s access to vocational training.

In regard of the apprenticeship, Government of Indonesia enacted Presidential Instruction on Revitalization of Vocational Education and Training to improve the competitiveness and quality of workforce in 2016. Further to the instruction, five ministers of Industry, Education and Culture, Research, Technology and Higher Education, Manpower, and State-owned Enterprises signed the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on 29 November 2016. The MoU outlined a commitment for better aligning between competency-based vocational education and training and industrial skills demand.

Following up the MoU, the Ministry of Manpower issued a regulation on Apprenticeship (Ministry of Manpower Regulation No. 36/ 2016 and revised to no. 6/20202). Under this regulation, the ministry provided grant for 199,024 apprentices who participated in the National Apprenticeship programmes in 2019.

In 2021, the Ministry of Manpower set a target of covering 55,000 persons in total for the apprenticeship programme. To promote the programme and engage more private sector to participate in the programme, the Indonesian Government had continued to issue the regulations number 45 in 2019 pertaining the tax deduction for companies who establish training and research related to the apprenticeship programme. Thus, more companies had been involved in the apprenticeship programme.

Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KADIN) and Ministry of Manpower (KEMNAKER) had done monitoring and evaluation survey in December 2020 and 77 companies involved in the evaluation to seek the implementation of quality apprenticeship in the companies. Based on the report, the main issue of the implementation was on the competency assessment both internal (64% companies did not have internal assessment) and external assessment (74% companies did not have external assessment). The report also noted that 57% of the companies had no any permission for the implementation from the local Manpower Office.

Against the backdrop, ILO and the KEMNAKER with other stakeholders had organised a series of webinars for industries on quality apprenticeship program. Following to the series, ILO and MoM will hold a series of virtual workshops for industries.