Skills and employability in Indonesia and Timor-Leste

Capacity building for local contractors in Timor-Leste
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Skills development to enhance employability is an area of vital importance to Indonesia and Timor-Leste. Many countries, including Indonesia and Timor-Leste, are finding it increasingly difficult to respond to the skills needs of their workforce in a time of increasing globalization, new technology and changing patterns of work. Like many other countries, both Indonesia and Timor-Leste also have severe shortages of skilled labour due to the out-migration of skilled workers, an ageing workforce or simply the lack of capacity to provide training.

Training programmes available are often out of date and do not meet the needs of industry. Training that is available is not always equally available to all sectors of the community. There are many challenges on the skills issues to date. Many of these include national skills development system, linkages between employers and training organizations, skills mismatch, training and job creation for young people, and access to skills development and employment of people with disabilities, etc.