Equality and discrimination in Pakistan

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If women and men had a chance to be more productive and increase their earnings through better quality jobs, poverty and employment vulnerability in the country would decline. This is why equal access to decent work and productive employment for women and men is essential as a sustainable way out of poverty and therefore, to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

Within the overall framework of the ILO Conventions such as No. 100 and No. 111, the ILO is working with all the stakeholders to assess the prevalent gender and other forms of disparities especially in employment and facilitate corrective measures at all levels – particularly by involving key labour market stakeholders, i.e., Government, Employers, Workers / Trade Unions and others. A Coordination Forum for Gender Equality has been established, in collaboration with the Ministry of Labour, Employers and Workers Organizations, for all Labour-market stakeholders to discuss and resolve gender disparities.

A series of studies on gender disparities have also been conducted and planned in the areas of skills development, employment programs, youth employment and post-crisis employment recovery. Similarly evidence-based study on best practices in minimizing sexual harassment at workplace has been conducted. Another study on Gender Disaggregated Employment Statistics: Issues and Current Practices has been completed. Similarly the ILO provided support for developing Policy on Home-Based Workers as well as for the ratification of ILO Convention No. 177.