Equality and discrimination in Pakistan

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If women and men had a chance to be more productive and increase their earnings through better quality jobs, poverty and employment vulnerability in the country would decline. This is why equal access to decent work and productive employment for women and men is essential as a sustainable way out of poverty and therefore, to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

Within the overall framework of the ILO Conventions such as No. 100 and No. 111, the ILO is working with all the stakeholders to assess the prevalent gender and other forms of disparities especially in employment and facilitate corrective measures at all levels – particularly by involving key labour market stakeholders, i.e., Government, Employers, Workers / Trade Unions and others. A Coordination Forum for Gender Equality has been established, in collaboration with the Ministry of Labour, Employers and Workers Organizations, for all Labour-market stakeholders to discuss and resolve gender disparities.

A series of studies on gender disparities have also been conducted and planned in the areas of skills development, employment programs, youth employment and post-crisis employment recovery. Similarly evidence-based study on best practices in minimizing sexual harassment at workplace has been conducted. Another study on Gender Disaggregated Employment Statistics: Issues and Current Practices has been completed. Similarly the ILO provided support for developing Policy on Home-Based Workers as well as for the ratification of ILO Convention No. 177.

Key resources

  1. Website and complaint registration system for Federal Ombudsman Secretariat for Protection Against Harassment (FOSPAH)

    The website and complaint registration system was developed with the financial support of the ILO under ILO’s GE4DE project funded by DFATD, Canada.

  2. Case Study 7.1 Employers in Pakistan committed to implement Protection against Harassment of Women at Workplace Act 2010

    With ILO’s support, the EFP organized a series of seminars and trainings to facilitate further implementation of Protection against Harassment of Women at Workplace Act 2010.

  3. UN reforms and OP-III

    ILO is leading a group comprising UNICEF, UNDP, UN Women and GIZ, to implement the UN-wide approach of “Social Protection Floor” in Khyber Paktunkhwa. ILO is also working with the existing social security institutions to improve their services for formal sector workers and expand to informal economy workers.

  4. One UN Programme

    ILO is part of UN reform process in Pakistan since 2006-7 and remained part of OP-I, OP-II and is part of OP-III

  5. Discrimination in the workplace, Q&A

    03 December 2007

  6. Discrimination, international action

    03 December 2007

  7. Discrimination at Work in Asia

    03 May 2007