Programme initiatives to tackle child labour

Important policy initiatives have been taken in Indonesia during the past ten years to tackle child labour and to promote access to education. These include major social protection initiatives, additional investment in education, and a national commitment to tackle child labour. The expansion of junior secondary education, skills training and promotion of youth employment have an increasingly high priority on the government’s agenda. However despite the progress there remain large numbers of children who are not completing basic education and many enter child labour.

Local programme initiatives were undertaken in West Java, Jakarta, and South Sulawesi. These identified local problems of child labour specific to these areas. In Sulawesi the project worked with child scavengers, in Sukabumi with children in remote areas who had problems in accessing school and regularly attending school, and in Jakarta with child domestic workers. In each of the areas the project supported efforts to enhance access to education as well as working with local stakeholders to identify longer term solutions to child labour.

Capacity of partners to promote effective action

The projects capacity building support has focussed both on national and local level partnerships.

The project worked closely with the Ministry of Manpower and Transmigration supporting a consultative process which has led to the establishment of a national Roadmap for the elimination of the worst forms of child labour.

At the local level various technical meetings were convened identifying how efforts to tackle child labour could be enhanced and sustained. At national level a workshop was convened on mainstreaming child labour into education policies, providing an opportunity to learn from the local experience.

Many of the partners also participated in capacity building and knowledge sharing workshops involving the four project countries and held at the International Training Centre of the ILO (ITC-ILO) in Turin.

Knowledge sharing

Meetings of project partners have facilitated communication between partners and sharing of knowledge on interventions and strategies, both within the country and more widely. Other knowledge sharing meetings have involved government, social partners and civil society organizations, allowing the project to communicate information on the progress and impact of activities.

The project supported an ASEAN South-South workshop on child labour and education, with participants from Indonesia, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Philippines, Viet Nam and Timor Leste. This was the first discussion of its kind and considered the development of national Roadmaps to tackle child labour, progess of current efforts, and need to strengthen inter Ministerial coordination.

The project also supported production of a report looking at how the work on child labour has developed in Indonesia over the past twenty years.

Further to the publication of a national Child labour survey conducted by BPS with support of ILO-IPEC, the project provided logistical assistance to the inter-agency "Understanding Childrens Work" (UCW) programme which in 2012 launched a report on child labour and youth employment in Indonesia. A launch event at the State Planning Body, Bappenas, included presentations from Bappenas, UNICEF and World Bank.

The project also established collaboration with the Indonesian Journalists Association promoting feature stories on child labour and education. In another innovative activity the project worked with a community film group which worked with child labourers across Indonesia, who made films explaining their lives and work. The films were released in an event at the Dutch Cultural centre and generated significant interest.


  1. Spotlight

    Indonesia: Spotlight - Special child labour and education edition

    31 March 2015

  2. Policy brief

    Combating child labour through education in Indonesia - A policy brief

    31 March 2015

    Over the past ten years Indonesia has made major progress in reducing the numbers of children in child labour. It has done so primarily by expanding education provision and enabling more children to attend and stay in school. The progress has been supported by the implementation of major social protection programmes providing support to poor families. However there remains a problem of child labour. This policy brief uses information from a recent study to suggest steps which could be taken to better address child labour through education policies and programmes.

  3. Workshop report

    Skills and livelihoods training for older children - A summary of a project knowledge sharing workshop

    30 July 2014

    This report is an outcome of a five day workshop conducted as a strategic component for knowledge sharing under the IPEC project “Combatting child labour through education”.

  4. Brochure

    Eliminating child labour in Indonesia: 20 years of support

    01 June 2013

    This short publication intends to highlight on the longterm partnership that the ILO has established with its constituents and key stakeholders by revisiting some of the milestones achieved, lessons learnt, and challenges ahead.

  5. Workshop report

    Combating child labour through education - A summary of a project knowledge sharing workshop, Turin, 8-12 April 2013

    23 April 2013

  6. News

    Workshop on South-to-South Cooperation in Combating Child Labour

    11 March 2013

    The workshop, hosted by the ILO Jakarta Office, took place from 4 to 6 March 2013. It was attended by tripartite delegations from Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Philippines, Viet Nam and Timor-Leste. The activity was organized within the framework of the project “Combating Child Labour through Education”, which is supported by the Government of the Netherlands.

  7. Meeting report

    Tackling child labour in Indonesia through education: Report of a partners meeting held at ILO Jakarta, 23 January 2013

    04 February 2013

    The projects work in Indonesia has focused on a number of local Action programmes which address situations of child labour by promoting access to education and training.

  8. Reportage

    Reportage – Journal investigative report: child labour around us

    01 December 2012

    In this book, you will find interesting stories as well as individual initiatives that can be used as models for readers to help reduce child labour. These articles include stories about Indonesian children jailed as adults in Australia, about out-of-school children working as substitute bus drivers to survive, and much more.

  9. Report

    Child labour and education in Indonesia

    12 November 2012

  10. Project

    Combating Child Labour through Education

    14 June 2012

    The Project aims to strengthen the policy level linkages between work on child labour and education, leading to action which will improve the opportunities for those in or vulnerable to child labour to benefit from education.