Organization responsible for the statistics
Reports of occupational injuries transmitted by the National
Insurance Administration to the Directorate of Labour Inspection,
the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the Norwegian Maritime
Objectives and users
For the protection of workers against injuries and diseases.
Labour Inspection, government departments and directorates,
employers and employees.
Paid employees, unpaid family workers and self-employed workers
in agriculture and construction.
About 2,100,000 persons were covered in 1996.
All economic activities and sectors.
The statistics cover Norwegian and foreign-national citizens
who are normally resident in the country, including Norwegian and
foreign-national citizens normally resident in Norway and
employed on Norwegian ships registered in the ordinary Norwegian
Ship Register or in the Norwegian International Ship Register and
all persons working on Norwegian fishing vessels.
All types of establishments.
Types of occupational accidents covered
The statistics covered reported occupational injuries due to all
types of occupational accidents.
Statistics of occupational diseases are compiled separately.
However, certain illnesses are recognized as equivalent to an
occupational injury, for example, illness caused by solvents,
asbestos or other minute particles, poisoning or other effects
from chemicals, and allergic skin and lung diseases, and are
covered as such in the statistics.
Commuting accidents are not included. Accidents occurring
while employees are travelling by car or some other means of
transport as required by the nature of their work are covered.
Concepts and definitions
(Source: National Insurance Act).
a bodily injury or illness which is caused by a work accident.
a sudden and unexpected external strain or load which lies
outside the scope of normal working activities, and which occurs
during work, at the place of work, during working hours.
Minimum period of absence from work:
Maximum period for death to be considered a fatal occupational injury:
Types of information compiled
(a) personal characteristics of persons injured:
sex, age group;
(b) amount of worktime lost:
(c) characteristics of accidents;
(d) characteristics of injuries;
(e) characteristics of employers or workplaces:
Measurement of worktime lost
Worktime lost is measured in calendar days, but is not compiled
for all occupational injuries.
Temporary absences for medical treatment are not counted as
(a) fatal or non-fatal accidents;
(b) extent of disability:
(c) economic activity:
from October 1997, according to the new
Standard Industrial Classification SIC94 (agriculture; forestry;
fishing and sealing, etc.; mining and quarrying; oil extraction;
manufacturing; construction; electricity, gas and water supply;
wholesale and retail trade; restaurants and hotels; financial
institutions and real estate; transport and communication;
government administration and military defence; community and
business services; personal services; other activities);
(e) type of injury:
contusions and crushings, lacerations/open wounds, amputations,
sprains and strains, fractures, heat-induced injury, cold-induced
injury, chemical burns, acute poisoning, other;
part of body injured: head; eye; teeth; shoulder, arm; hand,
wrist; fingers; breast, stomach; back; hip, leg, knee; ankle,
foot; multiple locations; other;
(f) cause of accident:
striking against or struck by object (including falling objects),
struck by splinters from machinery or tools, caught in or between
objects, falls of persons on the same level, falls of persons
from heights, contact with sharp object, exposure to or contact
with electric current, exposure to heat, exposure to cold,
exposure to or contact with harmful substances,
(g) duration of absence from work;
(h) characteristics of workers:
sex; age group (four groups);
(i) characteristics of accidents:
(j) characteristics of employers or workplaces:
- fatal or non-fatal, by economic activity and sex
- economic activity and age-group
An injury is included in the statistics for the period (year)
in which the accident occurred.
The amount of worktime lost is
included in the statistics for the period (year) when the person
returned to work.
Total number of occupational injuries.
Rates of fatal injuries per million hours worked and per
Rates of nonfatal injuries per million hours worked and per
Historical background of the series
Information not available.
The following tables are published:
- number of fatal injuries, by age group and economic activity
- number of injuries, by fatal or non-fatal, sex and economic
The data are published in:
Norway): Statistisk Arbok
(Statistical Yearbook) (annual).
Not all the data are published. Detailed information on the
rates of injuries, the number of injuries by part of body, type
of work, type of accident and type of injury are available on
request, in printed form, on diskette or on magnetic tape.
Data published by ILO:
The following data are furnished regularly to the ILO for
publication in the
Yearbook of Labour Statistics, relating to
reporting injuries according to major division of economic
activity: the total number of persons injured and the number of
persons fatally injured; rates of fatal injuries. The number of
persons at risk (total number of persons employed) is also
supplied and stored in the LABORSTA database.
There are no restrictions on the use of data on occupational
The current statistical standards and guidelines were followed
when the concepts, definitions and methods used for compiling the
statistics were designed and last revised.
The representative organizations of employers' and workers'
were consulted when the concepts, definitions and methods used
for compiling the statistics were designed and last revised.
Method of data collection
National Insurance Act.
All occupational injuries should be reported within three days
of the date of the accident to the local National Insurance
The employer should report the injury or illness using a standard
form comprising five copies. Copies 1, 2 and 3 are sent to the
local National Insurance Office, which forwards copy 3 to the
Directorate of Labour Inspection. The employer retains copy 4
and gives copy 5 to the injured person. Separate forms are used
for accidents aboard ship or on fishing vessels. Instructions
for completion are included on the forms.
The form consists of the following:
- information about the injured person: date of birth and
national identity number, name, address, nationality, date from
which employed, present position, duration of employment in
- information about the employer: name, address, national
employer identification number, economic activity, type of
enterprise (description), accident site if the accident did not
occur at the address of the employer;
- information about earnings: basic wage; sum of regular
increments, overtime pay, etc., in present position during the
last 12 months, type of employment at the time of the accident
(regular, temporary, etc.);
- information about the time and place of the accident: date
and time; whether the accident happened during daytime; whether
the accident happened while working overtime; type of wages
(fixed wage, piece rate, etc.); place of accident (regular
workplace, on the way to or from work, during normal working
hours, etc.); whether the accident was reported to the Labour
Inspection (in the case of serious accidents), and whether the
injury was fatal;
- information about how the accident happened and the nature of
the injury: type of work at the moment the accident occurred:
maintenance, repairs, assembly work using machines or cranes,
etc., cleaning, handling of cargo, internal transport, production
- type of accident;
- nature of the injury;
- bodily location of the injury;
- description of the accident (free text);
- signature of the reporting employer.
No changes are planned for the near future.
Act No. 4 of February 1977 respecting workers' protection and
the working environment, as amended to Act No. 2 of 6 January
1995 also sets out obligations for reporting occupational
injuries. Employers should ensure that all injuries occurring
during performance of work are registered. The register should
be accessible to the Inspectorate of Labour, safety delegates,
the working environment committee and the safety and health
personnel. If, as a result of an occupational accident, an
employee loses his life or is seriously injured, the employer
should immediately, and by the quickest possible means, notify
the Inspectorate of Labour and the nearest police authority. The
employer should confirm its notification in writing, and the
safety delegate should receive a copy of the confirmation. The
Directorate of Labour may also require such notification to be
given in other cases, such as acute poisonings and near
accidents. Any medical practitioner who through his work gains
knowledge of an employee suffering from an occupational injury
should report this in writing to the Inspectorate of Labour.