Industrial Relations and the Crisis: The Swedish Experience

This study highlights the resilience of the Swedish industrial relations system during the 2008 Great Recession – a period that was characterized by sustained industrial peace. The author contrasts this experience to the previous recession of the early 1990s, which led to major structural reforms, including the decentralization and individualization of the negotiation of wages and working conditions. The study emphasizes that Sweden’s recent success story cannot merely be reduced to the early fiscal consolidation measures taken during the 1990s. Instead, this success is linked to the country’s well-developed system of social dialogue and to the active involvement of social partners in policy-making.