Working Paper 12: “Tripartite responses to the economic crisis in essential western European countries”

This working paper analyses tripartite responses to the economic crisis primary in Belgium, the Netherlands, Ireland, France, Spain, Germany and the United Kingdom. The author shows, that at the outbreak of the crisis, most of the countries already had experience in using social pacts in the 1990s. Countries with a strong tradition of tripartite dialogue were more likely to reach balanced responses to the crisis than countries that implemented measures without concertation.