Labour Inspection Campaign 2016

Labour Law compliance for safe construction sites

The labour inspection campaign in the construction sector with the theme of “Labour Law compliance for safe construction sites” is organized by Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA) with the support from the International Labour Organisation (ILO).

Worker is welding in Vinh City, Nghe An Province
The campaign is implemented in 63 provinces all over the country from March to October 2016 with the overall objective of enhancing compliance on occupational safety and health (OSH) in the construction sector to minimize the risks of occupational accidents and diseases. The labour inspection campaign includes a series of communication and inspection activities. The communication activities aims at providing the workers and employers with basic information on labour laws and OSH requirements at construction sites. The inspection component is designed to grasp labour laws and regulations, through this, the Inspectorates could rectify and guide enterprises on how to best comply with labour laws. From the campaign’s results, the labour regulations are expected to be reviewed and revised to meet the practical situation.
The campaign is an activity of the Project “Increasing Workplace Compliance through Labour Inspection in Vietnam” funded by the Kingdom of the Netherlands. 

Targeted compliance contents

1. Working and resting time

  • Normal working hour should not exceed eight hours per day or 48 hours per week.
  • Working at night is from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m. of the next day.
  • Overtime working hours of the workers should not be longer than 50% of the normal working hour in a day and the total number of normal and overtime working hours should not exceed 12 hours in a day or 30 hours in a month. The total overtime working hour should not exceed 200 hours in a year.

2. Wage

  • Wage for working at night: at least 30% surplus in comparison with unit amount of wage or daily wage in normal working days.
  • Payment for working overtime should be calculated as follows:
  1. On normal days, at least equal to 150%;
  2. On weekends, at least equal to 200%;
  3. On public holidays and paid leave days, at least equal to 300%, excluding the wage for public holidays and paid leave days of employees who receive daily wages.

3. Development of internal working regulations, procedure and methods to ensure occupational safety and hygiene

  • Based on the national standards and technical regulations and local technical regulations on occupational safety and hygiene, employers shall develop and implement internal working regulations and procedures to ensure occupational safety and hygiene.
  • An employee has the obligation to observe regulations, processes and internal rules on occupational safety and hygiene which are relevant to assigned jobs.

4. PPE

  • An employee doing a dangerous or toxic job must be adequately provided with and shall use personal protection equipment in the working process according to the regulations of the Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs.
  • Employees shall use and maintain equipped personal protection equipment and occupational safety and hygiene tools at the workplace;

5. Training on OSH

  • Occupational safety and hygiene officers must be trained in occupational safety and hygiene.
  • An employee who performs a job subject to strict occupational safety and hygiene requirements shall participate in a training course on occupational safety and hygiene provided by the employer.

6. Arrangement of construction site’s working ground

  • Arrange fence and guards around the site to prevent unnecessary entrance to the workplace.
  • Elaborate safety measure (such as fence, signs, cover etc.) for people and animals in dangerous areas due to falling objects from heights.
  • Well, tunnels, pits and holes on the ground of the construction site must be covered or surrounded with stable fence with a minimum height of 1 meter.
  • Set up and implement measures to transport excess material down from up to 3 meters.
  • Installing fences or warning signs in the area of dismantling the mold boards, scaffolding, and the assembling areas of the work.
  • Warehouse to streamline and store materials, structures and devices must be preset on the construction site. Liquid and flammable materials should be stored in a separate warehouse as prescribed in fire prevention and firefighting regulations.

7. Use of vehicles and machines

  • Technical appraisal of machines, equipment and supplies subject to strict labor safety requirements.
  • Install safety cover for moving parts of machines and equipment.
  • Do not use cargo lifts for people.
  • Assign a person to monitor the status of the crane during its operation.
  • Use the lifting wire to orient the long objects when they are lifted.
  • Implement proactive measures to prevent falling objects when using tower cranes.

8. Use of scaffoldings and shelves

  • Do not use scaffoldings and shelves with inappropriate functions.
  • Put capacity signs of the scaffoldings at easily identifiable places.
  • Install anchor head connector to the wall.
  • Use the metal pipe is placed on the base and buffer inventory.
  • Place angle tie at all sides of the scaffold.
  • Use the scaffoldings with work platform width at least 1 meter.
  • Install safety railings according to relevant regulations.
  • Adjust the gap between the platform sticks according to relevant regulations.
  • Cover the sidewalks below scaffolds and shelves.
  • After one month break in using scaffolding and shelve, a reassessment is needed before that scaffold/shelve is used again.
  • Dismantling scaffolding/shelves must be proceeded as directed in the design guidelines or certification.
  • While working, any workers found damaged condition of the scaffolding/shelves, which may be dangerous, shall stop working and report to technicial staff to fix the issue.

9. Use of electricity and electrical appliances

  • Only authorised employees are allowed to repair, connect or disconnect the electrical appliances.
  • Set up mapped network with common circuit breaker and segmented circuit breaker to cut power totally or locally.
  • Strict manage switchgear, circuit breakers used for common power network and other segmented area of the workplace.
  • Separation of power for mechanics system and power for lighting purpose.
  • Fully equip plugs for electrical appliances.
  • Ensure neutral connection in electrical system to prevent electric shocks on the case of metal electrical appliances.
  • Do not leave electrical wires exposed to conductive parts of the building.
  • Portable electrical tools should be tested periodically to ensure insulation.
  • Short circuit and overload protection should be provided to all electrical appliances.
  • The electric lighting devices (using voltage of 36V and above) should be arrange at the height of at lease 2.5 metres from the working platform.
  • Do not use the power supply to protect the site fence.
  • Do not use electric sources as a security method.

10. Concrete formworks, steel and concrete

  • Concrete formworks of the upper floor should only be set up after the formworks of the lower floor are fixed. Materials for formworks should not be arranged on the stairway, bancony, slope, walkway besides holes/edges of the work.
  • Steel billet and reinforcing frame should be prepared in a separate area with proper fences and signs.
  • When pouring concrete, it is necessary to place fences and prohibition signs. In case people are obliged to pass through the concrete pouring area, it is necessary to set up covers over those pathways.

11. Welding

  • The welder should be provided with proper equipment and PPE for welding and cutting.
  • Arrange fire extinguiser when doing welding works.
  • Plan and implement safety measures for people and animal when doing welding at height.
  • Plan and impliment anti collapse measures when cutting structural parts.
  • Never do electrical welding and gas welding in closed containers at the same time.
  • Ensure ground connection on the metal cover of welding appliances as well as other strutures and products of welding work.
  • Apply safety measure for appliances containing welding gas.

12. Finising work

  • Do not use ladder for finishing work at height unless when the work in done in a closed room and the height is less than 3.5 meters.
  • Ensure full power disconnection before painting papering or paneling on the surface of electrical system.
  • When surface tiles, the area should be separated with fences and prohibition signs.
  • When lifting, shifting and installing glass panels at height, it is necessary to set up protective cover for the establishments below, otherwise, there should be fences and prohibition signs in that area.
  • Do not lean ladder on glass surface or glass frame.
  • Do not execute finishing works on two or more floors vertically without protective cover.