Support to the formulation of the national employment strategy and the national action plan prioritizing young people and women

Morocco

Marocco faces today multiple employment challenges including both (i) an issue of quantity, as represented in the high rate of unemployment among young people and low participation of women in the labour market and (ii) an issue of quality employment with persistent decent work deficits represented in the high share of precarious work and vulnerable employment. These challenges, if not properly addressed altogether, could negatively affect the economy as a whole on a medium run as well as social cohesion.

The ILO has supported the Government of Morocco in the formulation of the first comprehensive National Employment Strategy (NES) for the period 2015-2025 which has involved a wide array of actors at both central and local levels including the social partners (www.sne-maroc.com). The National Employment Strategy which prioritizes young people and women was adopted by the Government and aims at creating at least 200’000 jobs per year between 2015 and 2025.

The Spanish Agency for Development Cooperation (AECID), the Canadian International Development Cooperation (CIDA), the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) and Regular Budget Supplementary Allocation (RBSA) have supported the implementation of the programme of cooperation between the ILO and the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs of Morocco.

For the purpose of implementing the National Employment Strategy, the following activities are currently underway:
  • An in-depth review of the youth labour market and of policies affecting youth employment to inform the development of the national action plan;
  • A time-bound national action plan on employment that mainstreams youth employment adopted by the government with the inclusion of the social partners;
  • A series of capacity building programmes and national policy dialogues to strengthen national capacity to formulate and implement the priorities of the national employment strategy through the time bound action plan;
  • Modernization of the youth employment services and programmes delivered by the Public Employment Service (ANAPEC) through capacity building of the staff to deliver these services as well as a line of services for low-skilled youth and young people living in rural areas.