Social dialogue and tripartism

Effective social dialogue between governments, employers’ and workers’ organizations, and sound industrial relations, are means to promote social justice, inclusive economic growth, improved wages and working conditions and sustainable enterprises. As instruments of good governance at all levels from the local to the global, they foster an enabling environment for the realization of decent work for all.

Social dialogue includes:
  • Negotiation, consultation and information exchange between and among governments, employers’ and workers’ organizations;
  • Collective bargaining between employers/employers’ organizations and workers’ organizations;
  • Dispute prevention and resolution; and
  • Other approaches such as workplace cooperation, international framework agreements and social dialogue in the context of regional economic communities.
Preconditions for sound social dialogue:
  • Strong, independent and representative  employers' and workers’ organizations with the technical capacity to participate in social dialogue and access to relevant information;
  • Political will, trust and commitment to engage in social dialogue by all the parties;
  • Respect for the fundamental rights of freedom of association and effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining; and
  • An enabling legal and institutional framework.


  1. Fecha limite para la inscripción: 20 Noviembre 2021

    Curso a distancia sobre seguridad y salud en el trabajo 2 (course in Spanish)

    6 December 2021 - 21 May 2022

  2. Deadline for application: 16 October 2021

    Workshop on Management of Occupational Safety and Health in International Organizations

    22 - 26 November 2021

  3. Deadline for application: 02 October 2021

    Workshop on ILO International Classification of Radiographs of Pneumoconioses

    8 - 12 November 2021