Publications on Wages

November 2019

  1. Wages in Africa

    Recent trends in average wages, gender pay gaps and wage disparities

    03 November 2019

    This publication depicts the evolution of real average wages since the global economic crisis of 2008, offering insights into the economic context for Africa and also presenting an overview of existing wage disparities within countries, including those related to gender.

August 2019

  1. ILO Asia-Pacific Garment and Footwear Sector Research Note Issue 9

    Cambodia Garment and Footwear Sector Bulletin, Issue 9, July 2019.

    09 August 2019

    Part I of this edition of the Bulletin includes a statistical overview and analysis on the key characteristics and developments of the footwear sector, both globally and in Cambodia. Part II provides an update of key statistics and analyses trends of the garment, textile, and footwear (GTF) sector in Cambodia.

July 2019

  1. Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 106

    Regulatory options for conflicts of law and jurisdictional issues in the on-demand economy

    08 July 2019

  2. Key Findings

    The Global Labour Income Share and Distribution

    04 July 2019

    The ILO dataset, developed by the ILO Department of Statistics, contains data from 189 countries and is drawn from the world’s largest collection of harmonized labour force survey data.

May 2019

  1. Publication

    The working poor - or how a job is no guarantee of decent living conditions

    03 May 2019

    This issue of ILOSTAT’s Spotlight on work statistics focuses on employed people living in extreme poverty around the world. Using ILO’s global estimates of employment by economic class, it shows the great progress achieved during the last few decades in reducing working poverty in the world, and how more effort is still needed to completely eradicate it, particularly considering the strong regional disparities.

January 2019

  1. Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 104

    Overtime work: A review of literature and initial empirical analysis

    18 January 2019

  2. ILO Asia-Pacific Garment and Footwear Sector Research Note Issue 9

    Cambodia Garment and Footwear Sector Bulletin, Issue 8, December 2018

    18 January 2019

    This publication assesses the living standards and social, economic, and demographic profile of garment and footwear sector workers in Cambodia, drawing upon data collected from almost 4,000 households during the 2016 Cambodia Socio-Economic Survey (CSES), this Bulletin issue investigates living condition of workers and their households and provides regular statistical update and policy development in the garment and footwear sector in Cambodia.

  3. Publication

    Minimum wages and wage protection in the Arab States: Ensuring a just system for national and migrant workers

    08 January 2019

    This note for policymakers explores how States in the region – particularly those with a high percentage of migrant workers – can initiate a systematic, evidence-based process for setting and adjusting minimum wages, drawing on ILO standards and international good practice, whilst also improving and strengthening systems of wage protection.

December 2018

  1. ILO Asia-Pacific Garment and Footwear Sector Research Note Issue 9

    Gender pay gaps in the garment, textile and footwear sector in developing Asia

    20 December 2018

    This Research Note provides recent estimates of gender pay gaps in the Garment, Textiles and Footwear (GTF) sector in nine countries in Asia, and assesses the extent to which the observed gaps may be attributed to differences in individual observable characteristics, or to gender-based discrimination.

November 2018

  1. Flagship report

    Global Wage Report 2018/19: What lies behind gender pay gaps

    26 November 2018

    This report examines the evolution of real wages around the world, giving a unique picture of wage trends globally and by region.