Le kit pedagogique SOLVE: Intégrer la promotion de la santé dans les politiques de sécurité et santé au travail

Les modules abordent la gestion de la promotion de la santé au travail face à neuf problématiques: le stress et le stress d’origine économique, la violence, le tabac et le tabagisme passif, l'alcool et les drogues, la nutrition, l'activité physique, le sommeil réparateur et le VIH/SIDA. Le kit comprend le manuel du participant, le guide du formateur, le plan des cours et un CD-ROM avec des présentations et des documents de référence.

What is a Participatory action-oriented training (PAOT)?

PAOT is a practical method of stimulating and supporting workplace initiatives in grassroots workplaces relying on self-help voluntary actions.
It helps people use local wisdom for developing creative and practical ideas for carrying out immediate improvements in occupational safety and health (OSH), working conditions and productivity by using locally available resources.

What is the purpose of PAOT?

The purpose is to provide practical advice to participants to implement simple cost-effective changes that improve working conditions in their enterprise. Such improvements are designed to increase safety and health, productivity and quality. It benefits both the enterprise and its workers in both the short-and long-term.

Why a “participatory approach”?

Participation of both employers and workers is necessary for the continuous improvement of both OSH conditions and productivity.
PAOT includes several techniques encouraging mutual advice and collaboration among participants. Benchmarking, meeting and discussing with others or visiting their working environment provides broader perspectives.

Why “action-oriented training”?

In contrast with the traditional training approach (where the trainer directs all learning activities and the focus is mainly on transferring knowledge and on targeting attitudes and practices), in PAOT participants are the focus of the activity, they search for knowledge, analyze problems, and ultimately solve them.
The PAOT training approach uses the “learning-by-doing” principle: “Take some actions first and assess the results. If they are good, continue to study and understand them, and where possible take other actions to enhance improvements”.

What are the key principles of the PAOT approach?

PAOT methodology is based on the following six principles:
  • Build on local practice;
  • Use learning-by-doing;
  • Encourage exchange of experience;
  • Link working conditions with other management goals;
  • Focus on achievements;
  • Promote workers’ involvement.

Who is the PAOT target?

  • Owners and managers with power of decision in their micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) from different industrial branches or areas which do not have regular access to support services
  • Operators in the informal economy
  • Farmers and operators in rural communities
  • Workers and their representatives

What are the different PAOT programmes?

There are a number of PAOT programmes, for sectors of activity (construction, agriculture, manufacturing) or target groups (managers, workers, informal economy operators) to whom each programme is addressed.
  • Work Improvement in Small Enterprises (WISE and WISE+) addresses OSH and wider working conditions, alongside productivity in MSMEs and informal enterprises. It covers the issues of material storage and handling, workstations and work tools, machine safety, work environment and control of hazardous agents and welfare facilities. A Global Manual for WISE has been recently updated. Other-WISE Action Modules extend the reach of WISE to address issues and suggest solutions that are more adapted to micro-enterprises in developing economies.
  • HealthWISE is a joint ILO/WHO tool for health facilities and health services. The HealthWISE package is organized in eight modules addressing OSH, HR management and environmental health issues and focuses on the three main risk factors for health workers: biological hazards, ergonomics and violence.
  • Work Improvement in Neighborhood Development (WIND) was conceived for assisting small-scale farmers and their families in improving safety and health at work and in their everyday life. WIND checkpoints cover material storage and handling, workstations and work tools, machine safety, work environment and control of hazardous agents, welfare facilities, work organization and community cooperation, and environmental protection. The Global manual for WIND was updated in 2014.
  • Work Improvement in Small Construction Sites (WISCON) offers a systematic approach to simultaneous improvements of working conditions and productivity in small construction sites.
  • Work Improvement for Safe Home (WISH) targets home-based workers who manufacture goods at their residences. The Action Manual provides them with practical, easy-to-implement ideas to improve their safety, health and working conditions, promoting the active participation and cooperation of home workers in the same workplace or in the same community.
  • Work Adjustment for recycling and Managing Waste (WARM) supports improvements in OSH for waste collectors and waste management systems. The training Manual include six technical sessions: community cooperation for safe waste handling; safety of waste collection, transport and discharge; work environment, welfare facilities and work organization; work station design and control of physical agents; working conditions in open air environment, welfare facilities and health promotion; and implementation of improvements.
Instructional material | 18 April 2012

Le kit pédagogique SOLVE met l'accent sur la prévention des risques psychosociaux et la promotion de la santé et du bien-être au travail grâce au développement de politiques et de mesures préventives.

L'OIT a conçu le nouveau SOLVE dans le but d'intégrer la promotion de la santé au travail dans les politiques en matière de sécurité et santé au travail (SST). La nouvelle version (2012) s'appuie sur l'expérience acquise à travers la mise en œuvre du programme de formation SOLVE depuis 2002. Les cinq thèmes de départ ont été réexaminés et considérablement élargis à la lumière des progrès scientifiques et des bonnes pratiques, pour faire face aux nouveaux défis d'un monde du travail en mutation. Le kit examine également les nouvelles situations qui, dans des périodes de changement, sont susceptibles de contribuer au stress d’origine économique. Le matériel vise à fournir les connaissances et les compétences nécessaires pour intégrer ces thèmes dans une politique de sécurité et de santé au travail et un programme d’action pour la promotion de la santé au travail.

SOLVE préconise un système global de gestion de la SST dans lequel la gestion du risque comprend également l'évaluation et le contrôle des risques psychosociaux afin que leur impact soit traité selon les mêmes méthodes que celles employées pour les autres dangers et risques et que les mesures de promotion de la santé soient intégrées dans la politique de l’organisation. SOLVE utilise la méthode du dialogue social pour promouvoir la mise en œuvre réussie d’initiatives au travail et au sein de la communauté, avec la participation des employeurs, des travailleurs, du gouvernement, des services publics et des ONG.

Ce programme de formation est destiné aux cadres des ressources humaines, aux syndicats, aux associations d’employeurs, aux professionnels de la SST ainsi qu’aux institutions nationales responsables de la santé et du bien-être des travailleurs. La formation de formateurs SOLVE est inscrite au programme d'études du Centre international de formation de l'OIT à Turin en Italie.