Promoting integration for migrant domestic workers in Italy
Since the 1970s, the labour market of domestic services has experienced a considerable
growth in Italy, becoming over the past decade the main sector of employment for migrant
women: in 2011, more than one foreign woman in two (51.3 per cent) was employed as a
domestic worker or family assistant (CNEL, 2012).
This phenomenon has been driven by the concomitance of a number of processes: an
advanced process of population ageing (with one of the highest rates in the world of
persons over 65), the increase of female participation in the labour market, the persistence
of rigid patterns of gendered labour division in households, a public welfare budget heavily
skewed in favour of monetary transfers (especially old-age and survivor pensions) to the
detriment of welfare services in support of families.