Publications on HIV/AIDS

January 2003

  1. Publication

    Legal initiatives to address HIV/AIDS in the world of work - Research and policy analysis 1

    09 January 2003

    The purpose of this document is to present selected case studies showing a variety of legal initiatives that can help fight the HIV epidemic in the world of work. These initiatives include specific HIV laws, labour legislation, antidiscrimination and human rights legislation, disability laws and insurance laws. They also include examples of important case laws that illustrate how court decision makers can apply the law sensitively to protect the rights of persons living with HIV/AIDS in the workplace.

  2. Publication

    Technical cooperation and the HIV epidemic: Strengthening capacity to respond - Working Paper 4

    02 January 2003

    The study draws on relevant technical cooperation experience worldwide – undertaken by the ILO and other agencies - in support of activities to address the complex issues of HIV and AIDS. Its objective is to strengthen the global ILO Programme on HIV/AIDS and the world of work. This new ILO programme is moving forward from the development of the Code of Practice to its implementation as a tool for HIV/AIDS workplace policies and practices that are effective and sustainable. The study evaluates experience in delivering technical support in response to HIV/AIDS, drawing lessons on how best to plan and deliver activities in this area. It is evident from the range of experience reviewed that many issues need to be considered in establishing mechanisms for effective technical support. More specifically, and in relation to the needs of the ILO’s traditional partners, the study reviews experience in relevant areas such as capacity development, institution building, employment promotion, legal reform and programme implementation. Finally, the study establishes the parameters for effective technical cooperation by the ILO: first, as it develops activities designed to mainstream HIV/AIDS within its own programmes, and secondly, as it assists governments, employers’ and workers’ organizations to address HIV/AIDS and its impact in the world of work.

  3. Publication

    Guidelines for workplace TB control activities - The contribution of workplace TB control activities to TB control in the community

    01 January 2003

  4. Publication

    Tuberculosis: guidelines for workplace control activities

    01 January 2003

  5. Publication

    Socio-Economic impact of HIV/AIDS on people living with HIV/AIDS and their families

    01 January 2003

    The study ‘Socio-economic impact of HIV/AIDS on people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) and their families’ was undertaken with the following objectives: (a) To document the overall experiences of PLWHA and their families ever since the discovery of their HIV+ status. (Stigma faced, impact on employment status, family income and expenditure, availability of care and support services, etc.) (b) To understand the impact of HIV/AIDS on women and children.

  6. Publication

    HIV/AIDS and child labour in Sub-Saharan Africa: A synthesis report. Paper No. 6

    01 January 2003

    This report draws together major findings from the four country RAs, placing them within a broader, state-of-the-art review of information from across Sub-Saharan Africa regarding what is known about the relationships between HIV/AIDS and child labour. The analysis provides the most complete review to date of available information concerning the impact of HIV/AIDS on child labour and the risks of HIV/AIDS infection for working children. Section 2 analyses the socio-economic context within which the HIV/AIDS pandemic and child labour must be seen. Section 3 discusses the evidence of linkages between HIV/AIDS and child labour, including that generated by the RAs. Section 4 summarizes the RA recommendations and provides suggestions for priority action. Appendices include additional information about the methodologies and approaches of the four country RAs and a summary of issues raised during an ILO/IPEC workshop in May 2003, at which the findings from the RAs were presented.

  7. Publication

    HIV/AIDS and child labour in Zambia: A rapid assessment on the case of the Lusaka, Copperbelt and Eastern Provinces. Paper No. 5

    01 January 2003

    This rapid assessment examined correlations between the HIV/AIDS pandemic and child labour in Zambia. The report aims at: assessing the extent to which HIV/AIDS has had an impact on child labour, both directly and indirectly; analysing the impact of HIV/AIDS-related child labour on the welfare of children in terms of their health, education, etc; assessing gender issues related to HIV/AIDS, as well as analysing the coping or survival strategies of girls and boys, including AIDS orphans; assessing the child labourers’ awareness and knowledge of HIV/AIDS; and generating data that could assist policy and intervention strategies on behalf of child labourers. This research was conducted in three provinces: Copperbelt, Eastern, and Lusaka. The sample included 306 child labourers: 211 boys and 95 girls in 5 to 16-year age group.

  8. Publication

    HIV/AIDS and child labour in South Africa: A rapid assessment - The case study of KwaZulu-Natal. Paper No 4

    01 January 2003

    The study investigated the link between HIV/AIDS and child labour in South Africa, covering selected towns and rural areas in KwaZulu-Natal Province. This study aimed to determine whether there is a link between the HIV/AIDS epidemic and child labour, and to explore the family, community, gender and socioeconomic implications of this relationship. Study data, conclusions and recommendations are being made available to professionals in human services, with the following goals: generating more effective psycho-social interventions for families and girls and boys orphaned by AIDS; engaging in prevention, advocacy, and national/provincial strategies to alleviate socio-economic burdens imposed upon girls and boys by HIV/AIDS; and utilizing the data – in the context of children’s rights, socio-economic development, and fair labour practices – to protect girls and boys, moving towards the eradication of child labour, and setting up multidisciplinary, “child-friendly” programmes engaging health, education and labour issues in a holistic manner.

  9. Publication

    HIV/AIDS and child labour in the United Republic of Tanzania: A rapid assessment - A case study of Dar es Salaam and Arusha. Paper No. 3

    01 January 2003

    This rapid assessment suggests that HIV/AIDS is among the major causes of child labour in the United Republic of Tanzania and other developing countries. The study aims to assess the impact of HIV/AIDS on orphanhood and, in turn, the effects of growing numbers of orphans on child labour in the country. It also proposes intervention strategies aimed at dealing with both HIV/AIDS and child labour.

  10. Publication

    HIV/AIDS and child labour in Zimbabwe: A rapid assessment. Paper No. 2

    01 January 2003

    This study investigates the nature and extent of both HIV/AIDS and child labour in Zimbabwe and the linkages between them. Recent research has addressed HIV/AIDS, orphans and, sometimes, child workers in Africa. The current study seeks to further explore this link in specific areas and target groups in Zimbabwe with the aim of proposing strategic objectives and interventions for the elimination of child labour related to HIV/AIDS.