Research and analysis on climate change and decent work

The report examines the employment implications of four “green transport” scenarios in 56 countries in North America, Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia, which are members of the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).

It compares a ‘business-as-usual’ approach with scenario-based projections that run up to 2030. These options envisage an accelerated expansion of public transport and the electrification of private passenger and freight transport.

The study finds that 10 million additional jobs could be created worldwide - 2.9 million in the UNECE region - if 50 per cent of all vehicles manufactured were electric. In addition, almost 5 million new jobs could be created worldwide - 2.5 million in the UNECE region - if UNECE countries doubled investment in public transport.

Working on a Warmer Planet: The Impact of Heat Stress on Labour Productivity and Decent Work, 2019

This report assesses the impact of warming temperatures and heat stress in the world of work. The report finds that by 2030, more than 2 percent of total working hours worldwide, equivalent to 80 million full time jobs, is projected to be lost every year as a consequence of heat stress.

ILO, Skills for a Greener Future: A Global View Based on 32 Country Studies, 2019

This report is based on a review of 32 country studies (including 6 countries in Europe in partnership with CEDEFOP). The 32 countries covered account for 63 percent of world employment, 65 percent of global GDP and 63 percent of CO2 emissions. The report examines current skills needs and gaps, and provides recommendations on how to anticipate and meet the skills requirements for a greener future.

ILO, World Employment and Social Outlook 2018: Greening with Jobs, 2018

This report assesses the potential impact on jobs of the implementation of the Paris Agreement on climate change. The report specifically analysed job creation implementations of a rapid shift to renewable energies, improvements in energy efficiency, and scaling up of the use of electric vehicles. The report finds a potential of 24 million more jobs possible by 2030.

Several other technical notes and thematic briefs on gender dimensions, indigenous peoples and climate change, labour migration in the context of climate, and green work are available under the Green Initiative.