• In fragile and conflict-affected States […] poverty rates are generally 21 percentage points higher than in other States. […] The threat that their condition poses to the prosperity of others is one compelling reason why the ILO should give priority to them.”

    Guy Ryder, ILO Director General
  1. Factsheet

    ILO in fragile situations

    Key background information on the ILO's work in fragile situations, including major recent programmes that have helped transform countries recovering from extreme hardship into resilient and functioning States.

Work, peace and resilience

Roughly 2 billion people live in countries experiencing situations of fragility and armed violence, and another 200 million people are affected by the slow or sudden onset of disasters. Conflict and catastrophic events are triggered by a variety of factors and can impact differently on societies, but one way or another they all undermine peoples’ livelihoods and create decent work deficits. Left unattended, these problems can lead to increased poverty, inequality and social unrest.

Through its distinctive rights-based development approach, the ILO contributes to building the resilience of nations and people caught in fragile, conflict and disaster situations. In direct collaboration with its member States, tripartite constituents, UN partners, international and national agencies, the ILO supports an employment-centred recovery from crises while promoting decent work and social justice as key drivers of resilience and social cohesion.


  1. Guide

    Employment and decent work in the Humanitarian-Development-Peace Nexus

    1 September 2021

  2. Guidance note

    Peace and conflict analysis: a guidance note for ILO’s programming in conflict and fragile contexts

    19 March 2021

  3. Brochure

    A joint ILO/PBSO Brochure: “Sustaining peace through decent work and employment”

    17 February 2021

  4. ILO InfoStories

    Peace and Resilience through Decent Work

    4 February 2021

  5. © Luis Acosta / AFP

    COVID-19 and the world of work

  6. © Philippe Lopez / AFP

    ILO Response to disasters

  7. Sustaining peace through employment and decent work

  8. ILO's Recommendation 205 on Employment and Decent Work for Peace and Resilience (2017)

  9. ILO's flagship programme on Jobs for Peace and Resilience

  10. © Tabitha Ross / ILO

    Crisis migration

Post-disaster assessments

  1. The ILO, a key partner in Post Disaster Needs Assessments (PDNA)

    The ILO provides direct support to governments and social partners in undertaking Post-Disaster Needs Assessments in the ‘Employment, Livelihoods and Social Protection’ sector.

Conflict affected states

  1. Laying the Economic Foundations for Peace-building and State-building

    The ILO works with the g7+ group to promote Decent Work in 20 conflict-affected countries, focusing on three broad areas of cooperation:

    • job creation
    • skills development
    • social protection and social safety nets