Publications on informal economy

  1. Publication

    Zanzibar. Social protection expenditure and performance review and social budget

    14 January 2010

    Zanzibar's lack of social protection has left it vulnerable during the current financial crisis and economic downturn, and basic social services are urgently required. The ILO-DFID funded project sets out the current situation of existing social transfers within Zanzibar's social protection system.

  2. Publication

    ILO, WTO joint study on trade and informal employment: Globalization and Informal Jobs in Developing Countries

    01 December 2009

    This study finds that the high incidence of informal employment in the developing world suppresses countries’ ability to benefit from trade opening by creating poverty traps for workers in job transition. It is a product of the collaborative research programme of the ILO International Institute for Labour Studies and the WTO Secretariat.

  3. Publication

    News@ILO, November 2009

    01 November 2009

    The November edition of the ILO's Asia Pacific e-newsletter contains the latest news from the regional office, a feature on migration policy in Thailand, a selection of the latest publications, and details of forthcoming events and meetings.

  4. International Migration Papers No. 98

    Afghan households and workers in the Islamic Republic of Iran: Profile and impact

    16 October 2009

    This study represents the results of a process of primary data generation through field surveys of Afghan households, establishments employing Afghan workers and Afghan workers themselves, through a collaborative process among national and international experts. The findings indicate the marginal position of Afghan households and workers in the Iranian economy even after decades of stay. Furthermore, most Afghans have had little contact with Afghanistan. While the Iranian authorities maintain that all the remaining Afghans must return to Afghanistan, there are many economic and social impediments to the return of the remaining populations. Increasing restrictions and controls are likely to increase their marginalization without a perceptible impact on prospects for return. The study highlights that continuing international cooperation and bilateral dialogue are essential to sort out the complex economic, social and political issues. Meanwhile, it is necessary to support the improvement of the working conditions for Afghans in Iran, and in general to facilitate their integration.

  5. Publication

    Globalization and Informal jobs in Developing Countries - A joint study from the International Labour Organization and the WTO

    12 October 2009

    This study is a product of the collaborative research programme of the International Institute for Labour Studies at the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the Secretariat of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Following up on the joint review of the literature on Trade and Employment, published in 2007, it focuses on the linkages between globalization and informal employment in developing countries. World trade has expanded significantly in recent years, making a major contribution to global growth. Economic growth has not led to a corresponding improvement in working conditions and living standards for many workers. In developing countries, job creation has largely taken place in the informal economy, where around 60 per cent of workers are employed. Most of the workers in the informal economy have limited job security, low incomes and no social protection, with limited opportunities to benefit from globalization. This study focuses on the relationship between trade and the growth of the informal economy in developing countries. Based on existing academic literature, complemented with new empirical research by the ILO and the WTO, the study discusses how trade reform affects different aspects of the informal economy. It also examines how high rates of informal employment diminish the scope for developing countries to translate trade openness into sustainable long-term growth. The report analyzes how well-designed trade and decent-work friendly policies can complement each other so as to promote sustainable development and growing prosperity in developing countries.

  6. International Migration Papers No. 94

    Irregular Economic Activities of Migrant in the Czech Republic

    01 October 2009

    Migrants' informal economic activities are closely linked with the phenomenon of irregular migration, as these activities are very often carried out by irregular migrants (very broadly and simply characterized - as those without necessary basic documents that woudl enable them to come/stay/work in a new destination country).

  7. Publication

    Promoting occupational health services for workers in the informal economy through primary care units

    15 September 2009

    This working paper reviews and analyses the substantial efforts of the primary care units(PCU)in different districts under the guidance of the Bureau for Occupational and Environmental Diseases of the Ministry of Public Health. The paper highlights the impact of their efforts and recommends the next important steps at both national policy and provincial levels.

  8. Publication

    Understanding informal apprenticeship – Findings from empirical research in Tanzania

    15 July 2009

    Employment Working Paper No. 32

  9. Publication

    2008 Labour Overview. Latin America and the Caribbean

    01 July 2009

    This edition provides evidence of the effects of an unprecedented international crisis that has cast a shadow over the global economy and is reflected in the employment situation in the region. Employment will be a challenge in 2009. As ILO Director-General, Juan Somavia stated, "The ILO's message is realistic, not alarmist" with respect to this situation.

  10. Publication

    Working Paper No. 86 - The unpaid care work - paid work connection

    01 May 2009