Publications on informal economy

  1. Publication

    Better cheese, better work: The Alliance Caucasus Programme's Impact on Informality and Working Conditions in Georgia's Dairy Sector

    28 May 2020

    This study shows the impact of a set of market systems development interventions by the Alliances Caucasus Programme (ALCP) on informality and working conditions in Georgia’s dairy sector. To reduce poverty for small scale livestock producers who made up over ninety per cent of milk producers, the programme designed interventions that ensured their continued inclusion at scale in the value chain. The growing need to satisfy food safety and hygiene requirements in the dairy sector and from 2015 to implement the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) standards as a prerequisite to accessing formal markets provided an incentive for the formalization of emerging, informal dairy enterprises dependent on milk supply from small scale farmers; thus triggering a transformation across the dairy value chain. Building on these incentives, the ALCP provided facilitation, which comprised of co-investment, consultancy services, training and mentoring to dairy enterprises, and equipped them to guide farmers towards providing milk that complies with standards whilst also working on supporting functions and rules and regulations constraining the sector such as veterinary inputs and animal disease control. In doing so, the income and productivity of farmers and dairy enterprises increased and the working conditions in dairy enterprises improved. The study shows how formalization can be a means to reduce poverty, safeguard and expand sources of income and achieve systemic change in a market system.

  2. COVID-19 Pandemic in the World of Work

    ILO Monitor: COVID-19 and the world of work. 4th edition

    27 May 2020

  3. Policy Brief

    Working from Home: Estimating the worldwide potential

    07 May 2020

    Staying in one’s job but performing work remotely is an excellent strategy for mitigating job losses and allowing for the continuation of many of our economies’ functions, but also for keeping the population safe. The objective of this brief is to estimate the potential share of workers across the different regions of the world who could perform their activities from home, if needed, as well as to discuss some of the policy issues associated with working from home.

  4. ILO Technical brief

    Rapid Diagnostics for Assessing the Country Level Impact of COVID-19 on the Economy and Labour Market - Guidelines

    05 May 2020

    These guidelines were developed by the ILO's Employment, Labour Markets and Youth Branch (EMPLAB) to support countries, through ILO employment specialists and Country Offices, undertake rapid diagnostics to assess the impact of the COVID-19 crisis and policy responses.

  5. Brief

    COVID-19 crisis and the informal economy: Immediate responses and policy challenges

    05 May 2020

    This policy brief focuses on the immediate responses that countries can take to address the consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic on the informal economy at its early stages, while pointing to areas that will need sustained investment in the future in order to ensure well-being and decent work for workers and economic undertakings in the informal economy. This brief will be followed by another on mid- to long-term responses, once the rapid propagation phase of the virus has passed.

  6. Factsheet

    Beyond contagion or starvation: Giving domestic workers another way forward

    05 May 2020

    In the wake of COVID-19, governments around the world have called on people to take one most important action: to stay home. But for many workers, staying home has meant losing their jobs, or worse still, losing their livelihoods.

  7. Factsheet

    Impact of lockdown measures on the informal economy - A summary

    05 May 2020

    As of April 2020, it is estimated that almost 1.6 billion informal economy workers are significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, leading to a 60 per cent decline in their earnings.

  8. Brief

    Impact of lockdown measures on the informal economy

    05 May 2020

    As of April 2020, it is estimated that almost 1.6 billion workers in the informal economy have been significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, leading to an estimated decline in their earnings of 60 per cent.

  9. Guidelines

    Rapid assessment of the impact of COVID-19 on enterprises and workers in the informal economy in developing and emerging countries

    30 April 2020

    Identifying the needs and priorities of the groups in the informal economy that are the most vulnerable to the COVID-19 crisis is essential to develop adequate policy responses. These guidelines provide, a step by step approach to get this knowledge quickly by using methods of collecting information remotely, without interpersonal contact. It is a living methodology that will be improved and enriched on a constant basis.

  10. COVID-19 and the informal economy in Africa

    The impact of COVID-19 on the informal economy in Africa and the related policy responses

    14 April 2020

    Africa’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic is just beginning to take shape. While the delayed spread of the Coronavirus has given the continent some preparatory head time, the varying economic, social and political contexts are making it harder for the region to draw many relevant lessons from the responses in China, for example, or western countries.