Tools and Services on National Employment Policies


  1. Issue Brief no. 4 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining

    Negotiating for gender equality

    27 September 2016

    Inequality of opportunity, treatment and outcomes between women and men still persists in global labour markets. Achieving gender equality in the workplace remains one of the biggest challenges for governments, social partners and management at enterprise level. Gender-based discrimination often occurs at the recruitment stage on grounds of pregnancy, or potential child bearing and rearing and the gender pay gap remains high across the world. In addition, women are more likely to be affected by violence at work, whether physical, psychological or sexual. This Issue Brief focuses on the obstacles to gender equality at work and how collective bargaining can be used as an effective tool to overcome these challenges.

  2. ILO Research paper No. 17

    Digitalization and structural labour market problems: The case of Germany

    13 September 2016

    This paper looks at one of the main drivers of technological change, digitalization and how it will impact jobs. Taking the case of Germany the paper argues that smart automation might not lead to overall job losses but considerable shifts in the structure of employment with regard to industries, occupations, skills and tasks.

  3. ILO Research paper No. 16

    Linking jobs in global supply chains to demand

    18 August 2016

    This paper presents evidence on the number of jobs in global supply chains for 40 countries, and explores in detail whose demand these jobs depend on in terms of countries and sectors. The paper documents the rapidly increasing number of jobs supported by production linkages between emerging economies, and provides evidence on the so-called servicification of manufacturing. Wage shares drop when a sector increases its participation in global supply chains as a supplier.

  4. Publication

    Summary of the report 'Assessment of labour provisions in trade and investment arrangements'

    13 July 2016

    ILO report looks at how the increasing number of labour provisions in trade agreements are impacting the world of work.

  5. Studies on Growth with Equity

    Assessment of labour provisions in trade and investment arrangements

    13 July 2016

  6. Studies on Growth with Equity

    What works: Active labour market policies in Latin America and the Caribbean

    21 June 2016

    This report examines the effectiveness of active labour market policies implemented in Latin America, notably policies carried out in Argentina, Colombia and Peru.

  7. ILO Research paper No. 13

    Corporate Social Responsibility in International Trade and Investment Agreements: Implications for States, Business and Workers

    29 April 2016

    This paper assesses the reference to CSR commitments in trade and investment agreements and finds that CSR language is relatively weak in terms of obligation, precision and delegation. Emphasising the potential to use the mechanisms that are provided in these agreements to activate and follow-up CSR commitments, it looks at what the implications could be for states, business and workers, and the potential ILO involvement.

  8. Publication

    Sectoral Studies on Decent Work in Global Supply Chains

    06 April 2016

    Comparative Analysis of Good Practices by Multinational Enterprises in Promoting Decent Work in Global Supply Chains

  9. Publication

    Fiscal policy and the youth labour market

    04 April 2016

    EMPLOYMENT Working Paper No. 200

  10. Publication

    What works in wage subsidies for young people: A review of issues, theory, policies and evidence

    04 April 2016

    EMPLOYMENT Working Paper No. 199