Good Practice

Employment-intensive growth for Indonesia: Job opportunities for young women and men (JOY) - Final Evaluation

Good Practice Description

The process used by the team in introducing the LED component of project to stakeholders in East Java and in selecting pilot communities appears to have worked very well. Expressions of interest were sought from 29 districts in East Java and 14 made submissions. An initial workshop at the provincial level involved a broad cross-section of the community and identified the LED districts that best met a set of selection criteria. A later district level workshop identified the sub-districts (the communities of Tutur and Poncokusumo). Lastly, the LED forums were established through community-based workshops. This process has generated interest in other parts of the country and the province of Maluku is about to launch LED forums with the technical expertise of JOY and UNIDO.

The ownership building strategies of JOY have been central to the project implementation and constitute one of the project's strengths. Practically all components have benefited from consultative approaches. The LED processes are explored in more detailed in the next paragraph. Other processes include the commission of sectoral studies with planned impact on the training certifications of BNSP. An impact evaluation will be needed in some time in order to find out whether expectations have been met (especially since not all studies have been published). The Employment Service Centres have developed beyond what was initially planned to provide full fledge employment services - such as guidance, placement, training, basically as labour market mediators - because there was local political interest in doing so.

Anchorage into local context and practices meant that JOY acted as an agent of change which allowed it to avoid replicating existing initiatives but instead multiply their potential. JOY positioned itself at the centre of international development initiatives, finance institutions and international expert networks, which led, at very little cost, to achievements that were not planned in the project document. For instance, by bringing together HIVOS, PUM, local microfinance institutions, Rabobank, Vulcania, JOY contributed to the growth of their respective activities with undeniable impact at local level. Anchorage into local context also means that such practices as Gotong Royong were used to pursue the project objectives, in full respect of local customs.

Knowledge sharing. JOY has taken advantage of wide range of communication channels. It has established a bi-yearly newsletter, easily accessible on the Internet, it is often quoted in the press, and its last Youth Employment Conference was broadcast live on Indonesia's national news TV channel. Its achievements have crossed province borders as the province of Maluku have requested that JOY's LED processes be replicated there. Technical cooperation projects from a variety of sources (ILO of course, mainly through EAST, but also the Japanese bilateral cooperation agency) are watching closely the results of the setting up of the employment centres and of the JOI). Concomitantly to the final evaluation, plans were being made to establish an Internet platform, although the evaluators would see it as more fitting that JOY makes full use of the ILO regional youth platform hosted in Bangkok, the Asia Pacific Youth Net platform. In short however, the knowledge-sharing component of the project is a truly successful one.