ILO's work on cooperatives in Africa

  1. Publication

    African cooperatives and the financial crisis

    01 September 2009

    Considers how institutions from the social economy, particularly cooperatives and cooperative financial institutions throughout the world and in Sub-Saharan Africa, are managing the current crisis and how they may be contributing to impact mitigation.

  2. Publication

    Surviving liberalization: the cooperative movement in Kenya

    01 August 2009

    Cooperative development in Kenya, like in most African countries, has generally traversed two main eras, namely, the era of state control and that of liberalization. The first era, which saw the origin and substantial growth of cooperatives under state direction, conditioned these organizations to emerge as dependent agents and/or clients of the state and other semi-public agencies. By serving as instruments for implementing government socio-economic policies, cooperatives were engulfed into state politics to the extent that the failures of state policies found expression in the cooperative movement.

  3. Publication

    Cooperatives in Africa: The age of reconstruction - synthesis of a survey in nine African countries

    01 August 2009

    Many governments have adopted a pro-cooperative attitude, mirrored in updated legislation and functioning cooperative departments. In some cases, the regulating policy may be felt as meddlesome by certain cooperative movements. While in other cases, the government is trying to restore the movement’s institutions. Cooperative movements, as well as selected cooperatives, have benefited from donor programmes. Different types of donors have been prominent, including northern cooperative movement agencies, bilateral agencies, UN-agencies and some NGOs. Most programmes seek to enhance institutional strength, value chain monitoring, rural access to finance and training in governance.

  4. Publication

    Bearing the brunt of a liberalized economy: A performance review of the cooperative movement in Zambia

    01 August 2009

    Cooperatives in Zanzibar stagnated after the Cooperative Union of Tanzania (CUT), to which the cooperative movement on the Isles had been affiliated, underwent reforms in 1991. As of December 2008 there were 4,761 registered primary cooperatives and 83,734 cooperative members from Zanzibar’s total population of 984,625. The evidence that is presented suggests that the apex organization (CUZA) and the cooperative unions in Zanzibar are very weak and over the past decade little work has been done to strengthen the movement.

  5. Publication

    Fair Trade - Fair Futures: The Kilimanjaro Native Cooperative Union scholarship programme for children made vulnerable by AIDS

    01 August 2009

    The HIV/AIDS epidemic remains to be a major development challenge for most developing nations, including Tanzania. The epidemic has seen the number of children who are orphans and/or vulnerable increase, consequently demand for services to support these children has also been increasing. In addition to government responses, many community based initiatives have emerged to address this social challenge.

  6. Publication

    Enterprise future lies in cooperation - Entrepreneur Cooperatives in Africa

    01 August 2009

    This working paper draws upon a comprehensive scientific study1 that was commissioned by the International Labour Office in 2007, and seeks to analyse the features and benefits of Entrepreneur Cooperatives. It indicates those features that would allow for replication of the model in Sub-Saharan Africa and concludes with a number of strategic recommendations on the promotion of Entrepreneur Cooperatives.

  7. Publication

    Cooperating out of child labour. Harnessing the untapped potential of cooperatives and the cooperative movement to eliminate child labour

    08 July 2009

    This title has been produced as a call to action to the world cooperative movement to join hands in fighting child labour. Cooperatives and the cooperative movement have an important, but as yet unharnessed, role to play in the elimination of child labour worldwide.

  8. Publication

    Cooperating out of poverty: The renaissance of the African cooperative movement

    02 February 2009

    This book offers an objective analysis of the state of affairs of the cooperative sector in Africa since the liberalization of the economy in the early 1990s.

  9. Publication

    Cooperatives: a path to economic and social empowerment in Ethiopia

    01 February 2009

    Traditional cooperatives associations existed in Ethiopian society centuries ago in the form of iqub and idir. Iqub is an association of people having common objectives of mobilizing resources, especially finance, and distributing it to members on rotating basis. Idir is an association of people that have the objective of providing social and economic insurance for the members in the events of death, accident, damages to property, among others. In the case of funeral, Idir serves as funeral insurance where community members elect their leaders, contribute resources either in kind or in cash and support the mourning member.

  10. Project

    Cooperative Facility for Africa - CoopAfrica

    09 July 2008

    The Cooperative Facility for Africa - CoopAfrica is a technical cooperation programme of the ILO, under DFID funding. From its office in Dar-es-Salaam (Tanzania), CoopAfrica covers 9 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa. CoopAfrica assists cooperatives to improve their governance, efficiency and performance in order to strengthen their capacity to create jobs, access markets, generate income, reduce poverty, provide social protection and give people a voice in society.