Publications and tools on cooperatives

September 2009

  1. African cooperatives and the financial crisis

    01 September 2009

    Considers how institutions from the social economy, particularly cooperatives and cooperative financial institutions throughout the world and in Sub-Saharan Africa, are managing the current crisis and how they may be contributing to impact mitigation.

August 2009

  1. Surviving liberalization: the cooperative movement in Kenya

    01 August 2009

    Cooperative development in Kenya, like in most African countries, has generally traversed two main eras, namely, the era of state control and that of liberalization. The first era, which saw the origin and substantial growth of cooperatives under state direction, conditioned these organizations to emerge as dependent agents and/or clients of the state and other semi-public agencies. By serving as instruments for implementing government socio-economic policies, cooperatives were engulfed into state politics to the extent that the failures of state policies found expression in the cooperative movement.

  2. Cooperatives in Africa: The age of reconstruction - synthesis of a survey in nine African countries

    01 August 2009

    Many governments have adopted a pro-cooperative attitude, mirrored in updated legislation and functioning cooperative departments. In some cases, the regulating policy may be felt as meddlesome by certain cooperative movements. While in other cases, the government is trying to restore the movement’s institutions. Cooperative movements, as well as selected cooperatives, have benefited from donor programmes. Different types of donors have been prominent, including northern cooperative movement agencies, bilateral agencies, UN-agencies and some NGOs. Most programmes seek to enhance institutional strength, value chain monitoring, rural access to finance and training in governance.

  3. Bearing the brunt of a liberalized economy: A performance review of the cooperative movement in Zambia

    01 August 2009

    Cooperatives in Zanzibar stagnated after the Cooperative Union of Tanzania (CUT), to which the cooperative movement on the Isles had been affiliated, underwent reforms in 1991. As of December 2008 there were 4,761 registered primary cooperatives and 83,734 cooperative members from Zanzibar’s total population of 984,625. The evidence that is presented suggests that the apex organization (CUZA) and the cooperative unions in Zanzibar are very weak and over the past decade little work has been done to strengthen the movement.

  4. Fair Trade - Fair Futures: The Kilimanjaro Native Cooperative Union scholarship programme for children made vulnerable by AIDS

    01 August 2009

    The HIV/AIDS epidemic remains to be a major development challenge for most developing nations, including Tanzania. The epidemic has seen the number of children who are orphans and/or vulnerable increase, consequently demand for services to support these children has also been increasing. In addition to government responses, many community based initiatives have emerged to address this social challenge.

  5. Enterprise future lies in cooperation - Entrepreneur Cooperatives in Africa

    01 August 2009

    This working paper draws upon a comprehensive scientific study1 that was commissioned by the International Labour Office in 2007, and seeks to analyse the features and benefits of Entrepreneur Cooperatives. It indicates those features that would allow for replication of the model in Sub-Saharan Africa and concludes with a number of strategic recommendations on the promotion of Entrepreneur Cooperatives.

July 2009

  1. Training resource pack for agricultural cooperatives on the elimination of hazardous child labour (Set of 2 books)

    09 July 2009

    The goal of this resource kit is to raise awareness, help cooperative trainers to plan and run activities, and improve occupational safety and health conditions and promote the implementation of ILO Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182).

  2. Cooperating out of child labour. Harnessing the untapped potential of cooperatives and the cooperative movement to eliminate child labour

    08 July 2009

    This title has been produced as a call to action to the world cooperative movement to join hands in fighting child labour. Cooperatives and the cooperative movement have an important, but as yet unharnessed, role to play in the elimination of child labour worldwide.

June 2009

  1. Resilience of the Cooperative Business Model in Times of Crisis

    10 June 2009

    The financial and ensuing economic crisis has had negative impacts on the majority of enterprises; however, cooperative enterprises around the world are showing resilience to the crisis. Financial cooperatives remain financially sound; consumer cooperatives are reporting increased turnover; worker cooperatives are seeing growth as people choose the cooperative form of enterprise to respond to new economic realities. This report provides historical evidence and current empirical evidence that proves that the cooperative model of enterprise survives crisis, but more importantly that it is a sustainable form of enterprise able to withstand crisis, maintaining the livelihoods of the communities in which they operate. It further suggests ways in which the ILO can strengthen its activity in the promotion of cooperatives as a means to address the current crisis and avert future crisis.

March 2009

  1. Rural women producers and cooperatives in conflicts settings in the Arab States

    31 March 2009

    Ongoing violent conflicts accentuate the challenges that women and men face in the rural areas of Iraq, Lebanon, and the occupied Palestinian territories. The potential of cooperatives for sharing risk, pooling resources, learning together, generating income, and balancing work and family responsibilities, has yet to be actualized.