Child labour

Tuvalu ratifies Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention

Tuvalu is the 186th Member State to have ratified Convention No. 182.

News | 12 June 2019
On 11 June 2019, the Government of Tuvalu deposited with the International Labour Office the instrument of ratification of the Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182), marking the ILO’s first centenary.

Surrounded by the South Pacific Ocean, the nine islands of Tuvalu are home to 11,000 people, making it one of the smallest countries on earth. Ratification of Convention No. 182 illustrates the Government’s commitment to protect its children from the worst forms of child labour including slavery, forced labour and sale and trafficking of children, as well as the use of children for prostitution, pornography and in illicit activities and hazardous types of work. Recently, the Government has enacted the Labour and Employment Relations Act of 2017, containing provisions on the minimum age for admission to work or employment.

As a Member State of the ILO since 2008, Tuvalu has now ratified its second ILO Convention, with a view to advancing fundamental rights at work.

Tuvalu is joining forces globally to end child labour, forced labour, modern slavery and human trafficking, towards the attainment of Target 8.7 of the Sustainable Development Goals, which calls on all to take immediate and effective measures to ensure the prohibition of the worst forms of child labour, the eradication of forced labour, and by 2025, the end of child labour in all its forms.

With this second last ratification, we are now nearing universal coverage of all the world’s children by Convention No. 182, to secure the elimination of the worst forms of child labour as a matter of urgency. According to the ILO’s global estimates, 152 million of children were in child labour in 2016, of which 73 million were in hazardous work.