Papers and Briefs

June 2022

  1. ILO Working paper 70

    A global analysis of worker protest in digital labour platforms

    21 June 2022

    This paper presents findings from the Leeds Index of Platform Labour Protest, a database of platform worker protest events around the world in four platform sectors: ride-hailing, food delivery, courier services and grocery delivery for the period January 2017 to July 2020. The findings show that the single most important cause of platform worker protest is pay, followed by employment status, and health and safety.

May 2022

  1. ILO Working paper 65

    Skills and employment transitions in Brazil

    31 May 2022

    This paper analyses employment transitions and workers’ skills in Brazil between 2003 to 2018, developing a novel procedure to derive a measure of occupational distance and internationally comparable skill measures from occupations’ task descriptions. Against a number of outcomes, workers using non-routine cognitive skills are found to perform better, while routine and non-routine manual workers are worse off in the labour market. Overall, there have been signs of routine-biased technological change and employment polarization since the 2014 Brazilian economic crisis.

  2. ILO Working paper 64

    Gendered Safety Nets and Growing Inequality: Pandemic-induced Recession in India

    31 May 2022

    In the absence of adequate social security for migrant workers, the recession induced by the COVID-19 pandemic forced the mass return of millions of circular migrants who were supported by their rural households of largely left-behind women. In addition, the recession rendered destitute small traders and operators of microenterprises, and reduced the incomes of small-scale farmers.

  3. ILO brief

    Industrial symbiosis networks as part of a circular economy: Employment effects in some industrializing countries

    11 May 2022

    Industrial symbiosis networks as an expression of the circular economy can constitute a valuable contribution to developing economies’ efforts to build a solid industrial sector in a sustainable manner.

  4. ILO Working paper 61

    Key workers in Ghana during the COVID-19 pandemic

    05 May 2022

    The study is an analysis of the experience of key workers in Ghana during the COVID-19 pandemic. It finds that although the pandemic reshaped the work environment, workers’ concerns regarding the future were not tied directly to concerns about COVID-19, but rather to larger concerns about working conditions and income security that existed prior to the crisis.

April 2022

  1. ILO Working paper 60

    Mobile internet, skills and structural transformation in Rwanda

    25 April 2022

    We study the impact of mobile internet rollout on Rwanda’s labour market. Areas with higher mobile internet coverage experience an increase in employment opportunities, especially towards high skilled and high-value-added activities.

March 2022

  1. ILO Working paper 57

    (Un)Employment and skills formation in Chile: An exploration of the effects of training in labour market transitions

    24 March 2022

    This paper analyses the effects of training on labour market transitions in Chile, using individual-level panel data. It finds that training reduces post-training unemployment, but also shows that the equalizing effects of the training policies are not fully leveraged.

  2. ILO Working paper 56

    The current state of research on the two-way linkages between productivity and well-being

    17 March 2022

January 2022

  1. Publication

    The evolution of labour law: Calibrating and comparing regulatory regimes

    13 January 2022

    Using a newly-created data set which measures legal change over time, the authors present evidence on the evolution of labour law in Germany, France, India, the United Kingdom and the United States. Their analysis casts light on the claim that “legal origin” affects the content of labour law regimes. While some divergence between common law and civil law countries is found at the aggregate level, a more complex picture emerges from consideration of specific areas of labour law. The authors discuss the potential significance of this relatively new measurement-based approach to understanding the forces that shape the evolution of labour law.

November 2021

  1. ILO brief

    Who moves and who stays? Labour market transitions under automation and health-related restrictions

    22 November 2021

    The world of work is changing. New technologies, demographic shifts and climate change are reshaping workplaces, jobs, organizations and enterprises. Labour market transitions during which people change their jobs or occupations, their work content, or simply their roles in an organization are likely to become more disruptive in the future (ILO, 2019).