Papers and Briefs

  1. ILO Working paper 32

    Digital Work in Eastern Europe: Overview of Trends, Outcomes, and Policy Responses

    25 May 2021

    This paper presents the emergence and growth of digital labour markets in Eastern Europe over the period 1999-2019. It presents the profiles of digital workers, their working conditions and discusses how these are shaped by the business models of digital labour platforms.

  2. ILO brief

    Implications of the COVID-19 crisis for enterprises’ human resource management policies and practices

    19 May 2021

    The COVID-19 crisis has increased the importance of human and social capital for enterprise success. The competitiveness and viability — even survival — of an enterprise increasingly depend on its ability to make its employees motivated, skilled and committed. This can only be achieved in a workplace environment characterized by a spirit of social dialogue, mutual trust and respect, non-discrimination, and the absence of violence and harassment. This brief illustrates how enterprises have coped with the COVID-19 pandemic by adjusting their people management approaches, policies and practices.

  3. International Labour Review - Centenary Collection (2021)

    Delving into the past – Looking to the future

    05 May 2021

    This Editorial introduces the Centenary Collection published by the International Labour Review as part of the celebration of its 100th anniversary in 2021. In particular, it provides the background and highlights the content and purpose of this virtual Collection.

  4. ILO Working paper 15

    The Transformation of the Mexican Labour Regulation Model and its link to North American Economic Integration

    23 November 2020

    This paper examines the different phases and changes of the Mexican labour regulation model. It analyses the extent to which trade liberalization was pivotal in the recent labour regulation reforms – particularly in the area of freedom of association and collective bargaining –.

  5. ILO Working paper 13

    The labour market impact of international trade: Methodological approaches for macro- and meso-level assessments

    20 October 2020

    The paper presents an analysis of methodological approaches commonly used for the empirical assessment of international trade on labour market outcomes at the macro and meso level. It explains how mixed-methods and the use of a broader set of indicators could improve the analysis of qualitative aspects of the labour market related to working conditions.

  6. ILO Working paper 12

    Trade and labour market outcomes: Theory and evidence at the firm and worker levels

    20 October 2020

    This paper surveys the literature on the impact of international trade on firms and workers. It also discusses the challenges for future research and the need for developing new statistical indicators that better reflect the dimensions of decent work.

  7. ILO Working paper 7

    What drives CSR? An empirical analysis on the labour dimensions of CSR

    05 August 2020

    Relying on the data provided by an ESG rating agency, this paper aims at bringing more understanding on the diversity of firms’ behaviours in terms of labour related CSR and filling a gap on the potential role of labour market institutions, including workers’ collective rights, to contribute to an effective CSR policy.

  8. Policy brief

    COVID-19 and global supply chains: How the jobs crisis propagates across borders

    29 June 2020

    This brief investigates the international propagation through global supply chains of the demand and supply disruptions caused by the COVID-19 crisis. It provides estimates of the number of jobs in manufacturing supply chains that are at risk as a result of those disruptions.

  9. ILO Working paper 3

    Digital manufacturing revolutions as political projects and hypes: evidences from the auto sector

    27 April 2020

    The article analyses the evolution of automotive manufacturing technologies and organisations and assesses the impact of “fourth industrial revolution” concepts and policies (in Germany, US and Chi­na) in particular for employment and work.

  10. ILO Working paper 2

    Environmental integrity and doing business in Zimbabwe: Challenges and engagement of sustainable enterprises

    01 April 2020

    The objective of this paper is to explore the views of different groups of the business community, including workers, managers and owners of the formal as well as of the informal economy, on how environmental integrity is being pursued in Zimbabwe. Both quantitative and qualitative/interpretative methods have been applied. The paper concludes suggesting actions that the private sector can adopt to improve the existing situation and further strengthen its engagement towards environmental integrity in the country.