Working papers

  1. ILO Working paper 51

    Assessing the impact - Environmental impact assessment in the textile and garment sector in Bangladesh, Cambodia, Indonesia and Viet Nam

    01 March 2022

  2. ILO Working paper 50

    Crowdwork for young people: Risks and opportunities

    21 February 2022

  3. ILO Working paper 49

    How to strengthen informal apprenticeship systems for a better future of work?: Lessons learned from comparative analysis of country cases

    22 February 2022

  4. ILO Working paper 48

    Technological solutions to guaranteed wage payments of construction workers in China

    15 February 2022

  5. ILO Working paper 44

    Investing more in universal social protection. Filling the financing gap through domestic resource mobilization and international support and coordination

    14 January 2022

    Large and persistent gaps in social protection coverage, comprehensiveness and adequacy are linked to many barriers, including high levels of informality, institutional fragmentation of the social protection system and significant financing gaps for social protection in a context of limited fiscal space.

  6. ILO Working paper 43

    Investing better in universal social protection. Applying international social security standards in social protection policy and financing

    13 January 2022

    The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed significant gaps in the coverage, comprehensiveness and adequacy of social protection systems worldwide. These gaps have jeopardized the health, incomes and jobs of billions of people. Closing these protection gaps, facilitating faster and inclusive socio-economic recovery and enhancing resilience against future shocks requires more investment in social protection.

  7. ILO Working paper 42

    Social policy advice to countries from the International Monetary Fund during the COVID-19 crisis: Continuity and change

    10 December 2021

    The COVID-19 pandemic has caused massive disruptions to the global economy and forced policymakers to respond to the newly created challenges. Many policy institutions have therefore had to rethink their established approaches and their usual policy responses.

  8. ILO Working paper 41

    Supporting decent work and the transition towards formalization through technology-enhanced labour inspection

    21 October 2021

  9. ILO Working paper 40

    Financing human-centred COVID-19 recovery and decisive climate action worldwide: International cooperation’s twenty-first century moment of truth

    07 October 2021

    This Working Paper provides a concrete illustration of how the existing international financial architecture could be activated more fully to mobilize the large sums required to respond decisively to the “great divergence” in COVID-19 crisis recovery between advanced and developing countries as well as to the climate crisis.

  10. ILO Working paper 113

    Financing gap for universal social protection (epub)

    23 April 2024

    Global, regional and national estimates and strategies for creating fiscal space