Working papers

  1. ILO Working paper 70

    A global analysis of worker protest in digital labour platforms

    21 June 2022

    This paper presents findings from the Leeds Index of Platform Labour Protest, a database of platform worker protest events around the world in four platform sectors: ride-hailing, food delivery, courier services and grocery delivery for the period January 2017 to July 2020. The findings show that the single most important cause of platform worker protest is pay, followed by employment status, and health and safety.

  2. ILO Working Paper 69

    Growth, economic structure and informality

    18 June 2022

    This paper explores the relationship between economic growth and informality and highlights the role of GDP growth and its composition in the level and evolution of informality, using country data from 1991 to 2019.

  3. ILO Working paper 68

    Methodological issues related to the use of online labour market data

    22 June 2022

    This paper provides a mapping of existing research that employs online labour market data in countries of different income levels. It discusses the potential of these data for understanding labour market phenomena, such as those related to skills, and examines available tools for dealing with issues of non-representativeness and data fluctuations.

  4. ILO working paper 67

    Social dialogue in the Public Services in selected ASEAN Countries

    17 June 2022

    A comparative overview of the laws, institutions and practices in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand

  5. ILO Working paper 65

    Skills and employment transitions in Brazil

    31 May 2022

    This paper analyses employment transitions and workers’ skills in Brazil between 2003 to 2018, developing a novel procedure to derive a measure of occupational distance and internationally comparable skill measures from occupations’ task descriptions. Against a number of outcomes, workers using non-routine cognitive skills are found to perform better, while routine and non-routine manual workers are worse off in the labour market. Overall, there have been signs of routine-biased technological change and employment polarization since the 2014 Brazilian economic crisis.

  6. ILO Working paper 64

    Gendered Safety Nets and Growing Inequality: Pandemic-induced Recession in India

    31 May 2022

    In the absence of adequate social security for migrant workers, the recession induced by the COVID-19 pandemic forced the mass return of millions of circular migrants who were supported by their rural households of largely left-behind women. In addition, the recession rendered destitute small traders and operators of microenterprises, and reduced the incomes of small-scale farmers.

  7. ILO Working paper 62

    Protection of workers’ personal data: General principles

    05 May 2022

    This working paper gives an overview of legal standards related to personal data protection. It explores trends, principles and good practices and brings them in relation to the world of work.

  8. ILO Working paper 61

    Key workers in Ghana during the COVID-19 pandemic

    05 May 2022

    The study is an analysis of the experience of key workers in Ghana during the COVID-19 pandemic. It finds that although the pandemic reshaped the work environment, workers’ concerns regarding the future were not tied directly to concerns about COVID-19, but rather to larger concerns about working conditions and income security that existed prior to the crisis.

  9. ILO Working paper 60

    Mobile internet, skills and structural transformation in Rwanda

    25 April 2022

    We study the impact of mobile internet rollout on Rwanda’s labour market. Areas with higher mobile internet coverage experience an increase in employment opportunities, especially towards high skilled and high-value-added activities.

  10. ILO Working paper 59

    The return of fiscal policy

    27 April 2022

    The new European Union macroeconomic activism and lessons for future reform.