Working papers

  1. ILO Working paper 12

    Trade and labour market outcomes: Theory and evidence at the firm and worker levels

    20 October 2020

    This paper surveys the literature on the impact of international trade on firms and workers. It also discusses the challenges for future research and the need for developing new statistical indicators that better reflect the dimensions of decent work.

  2. ILO Working Paper 11

    Digital Labour Platforms and Labour Protection in China

    13 October 2020

    This paper explores the implications of the digital labour platforms for labour regulation in China and the potential applicability of existing laws and regulations to platform work.

  3. ILO Working Paper 9

    Applying labour law to micro, small and medium-sized enterprises: A comparative study of 16 countries

    07 October 2020

    This study considers the ways in which different countries regulate labour rights for MSME workers, its main purpose being to improve understanding of current trends and developments in this area. The 16 countries covered by the study are Brazil, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Egypt, Germany, Mexico, Nepal, Peru, the Russian Federation, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Turkey and the United Republic of Tanzania.

  4. ILO Working paper 7

    What drives CSR? An empirical analysis on the labour dimensions of CSR

    05 August 2020

    Relying on the data provided by an ESG rating agency, this paper aims at bringing more understanding on the diversity of firms’ behaviours in terms of labour related CSR and filling a gap on the potential role of labour market institutions, including workers’ collective rights, to contribute to an effective CSR policy.

  5. ILO Working paper 6

    Access to Justice: A Literature Review on Labour Courts in Europe and Latin America

    03 July 2020

    This paper is aimed at offering an overview of the bibliographical discussion on Labour Courts in Europe and Latin America, stating what specific topics academics have shown interest in.

  6. ILO Working paper 5

    Population Ageing: Alternative measures of dependency and implications for the future of work

    08 June 2020

    This paper examines the projected labour force participation trends of older workers to 2030 and discusses the future of economic dependency for developing, emerging and developed countries.

  7. ILO Working Paper 4

    The regulation of collective dismissals: Economic rationale and legal practice

    19 May 2020

    This paper offers a legal and an economic analysis of collective dismissals procedures.

  8. ILO Working paper 3

    Digital manufacturing revolutions as political projects and hypes: evidences from the auto sector

    27 April 2020

    The article analyses the evolution of automotive manufacturing technologies and organisations and assesses the impact of “fourth industrial revolution” concepts and policies (in Germany, US and Chi­na) in particular for employment and work.

  9. ILO Working paper 2

    Environmental integrity and doing business in Zimbabwe: Challenges and engagement of sustainable enterprises

    01 April 2020

    The objective of this paper is to explore the views of different groups of the business community, including workers, managers and owners of the formal as well as of the informal economy, on how environmental integrity is being pursued in Zimbabwe. Both quantitative and qualitative/interpretative methods have been applied. The paper concludes suggesting actions that the private sector can adopt to improve the existing situation and further strengthen its engagement towards environmental integrity in the country.

  10. ILO Working paper 1

    "System needs update":Upgrading protection against cyberbullying and ICT-enabled violence and harassment in the world of work

    13 February 2020

    The term ‘cyberbullying’ has been used to describe aggressive conducts carried out through information and communication technologies (ICT), and can involve picture/video clips, emails, or social network sites, among others.