ILO Working Paper 103

New Forms of Employment and Labour Protection in China (Chinese version)

The objective of this paper is to provide a panoramic description and analysis of the diversity of the new forms of employment that have been emerging in China, with the focus on their background, the main types, the status quo of labour rights protection, and the government's responses to the challenges of labour regulations brought by NFE. Finally, on the basis of the above, the paper puts forward corresponding policy recommendations on how to improve workers' protection in new forms of Employment.

In recent years, China's labour market has seen a significant rise of the new forms of employment, which differs in scale, type, and function compared to the developed economies.

This study focuses on four emerging forms of the new employment patterns in China, including app-based gig work, micro-task crowdsourcing, prosumer work, and platform outsourcing to individuals, particularly examining their diversity, scale, development, and the status quo of the labour protection. Additionally, the paper summarises the challenges faced by the labour law and policy in the digitalisation era in China, as well as the government and social partners' innovative measures to address them.