All ILO Newsroom content

September 2005

  1. Article

    UN World Summit 14-16 September 2005 Indigenous people in Papua: Working out of poverty and promoting human security

    13 September 2005

    Papua is one of the poorest provinces in Indonesia. The 2004 Indonesia Millennium Development Goals (MDG) report indicates that the percentage of people living below the national poverty line in Papua is 41.8 per cent, compared to 18.2 per cent for the whole country. Up to 74 per cent of the population are indigenous peoples, living in isolated areas with little access to social and economic facilities and services to fulfil their most basic needs. The ILO recently launched a three-year project to tackle poverty, discrimination and promote human security among indigenous peoples in the Indonesian province.

  2. Article

    Starting a new life: business training for women prisoners in Tajikistan

    07 September 2005

    This year the ILO's Start and Improve Your Business (SIYB) programme celebrates its tenth anniversary in Central Asia. Thousands of trainees have profited from the programme so far. Olga Bogdonova from the ILO Moscow office reports from Tajikistan where 60 women serving prison terms received training under the programme since April 2005.

  3. Article

    Gold rush in Mongolia: when shepherds become "ninjas"

    02 September 2005

    Mining and mineral production, particularly gold mining, account for more than 50 per cent of Mongolia's industrial output and more than 60 per cent of the country's export revenues. Half of the country's gold production comes from the informal mining activities of the so-called "ninjas". They are unemployed miners or traditional Mongolian herder families that have been unable to continue their semi-nomadic lifestyle due to loss of livestock caused by severe winters. The ILO and the Mongolian Employers' Federation (MONEF) assist in promoting the formalization of the informal mining sector, including safer and more productive mining activities and the elimination of child labour.

August 2005

  1. Article

    New chemicals, old risks: why careful monitoring must be maintained

    26 August 2005

    Potentially harmful chemicals permeate today's workplaces. While the number of chemicals used in industry now exceeds 50,000, an additional 500 new chemicals are introduced in industry every year. The toll from chemical exposure is heavy - the ILO estimates that of the 2 million work-related fatalities, 439,000 are caused by chemicals, and of the 160 million cases of work-related disease, 35 million are due to chemicals. A new ILO publication says the toxicity of new chemicals must be checked for safety and health more carefully before marketing. The 17th World Congress on Safety and Health at Work will address safety and health of chemicals during a special session on 19 September 2005.

  2. Article

    International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition Invisible prisoners: The trafficking and exploitation of Chinese immigrants in France

    18 August 2005

    According to an ILO study, some 50,000 illegal Chinese immigrants living in France are easy prey to exploitation through forced labour. Resulting from major economic and social change in China, the movement has been growing for the past ten years, with more than 6,000 Chinese immigrants arriving each year in Paris and the surrounding region. Victims of trafficking, at the end of their dangerous journey through transit countries where they run the risk of racketeering, violence and sometimes death, the migrants have little choice but to integrate themselves into a parallel ethnic economy where they can remain trapped for years, mainly in the clothing and catering sectors. The report describes this inhuman and invisible life, in the words of the Chinese migrants themselves, following a survey conducted in close collaboration with the French authorities.

  3. Article

    International Day of the World's Indigenous People 2005 Indigenous and Tribal Peoples' Rights - still a long way to go

    03 August 2005

    GENEVA (ILO Online) - The ILO has adopted the only international legal instrument now open to ratification that pertains specifically to the 350 million indigenous and tribal peoples worldwide: the Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989 (No. 169). It has been ratified by 17 countries and is internationally recognized as the foremost instrument on the subject. It covers a wide range of issues, including land rights, access to natural resources, health, education, vocational training, conditions of employment and contacts across borders.

  4. Article

    Kenya: Employers' organizations taking the lead on linking the informal sector to formal Kenyan enterprises

    02 August 2005

    The informal sector accounts for nearly 18 per cent of Kenya's Gross Domestic Product and comprises 90 per cent of all businesses in the country. In 2001, the sector employed 4.1 million people and their numbers are increasing. While in the past small enterprises were seen as competitors with larger companies, the Government of Kenya and the Federation of Kenya Employers (FKE) now see linkages between the formal and the informal economy as an opportunity to create a win-win situation for both sectors.

  5. Publication

    Waving through history: how the ILO finally got an official flag

    01 August 2005

  6. Publication

    The new era of textile trade Taking stock in the post-MFA environment

    01 August 2005

    In the six months since the quota system held over from the Multifibre Agreement (MFA) expired, much public debate has taken place over the social, economic, and employment impact of this new state of play in the textile sector. Will the new paradigm mean more or less jobs for workers in the developing, transition, and developed countries? The ILO will take on this issue in October 2005 when tripartite delegates meet to discuss the future and work toward a fair globalization.

  7. Publication

    The burden of gold Child labour in small-scale mines and quarries

    01 August 2005

    This year's World Day Against Child Labour focused the world's attention on the plight of child labourers in small-scale mines and quarries. The ILO estimates that about one million children aged 5 to 17 are engaged in small-scale mining and quarrying activities worldwide. These children toil under dangerous conditions and go without access to schools, health clinics, and other basic necessities. Pilot programmes are underway with the help of the ILO and its partners to eradicate the need for child labour by building sustainable communities and offering the opportunity for a better future.