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Impact and people

2005

  1. Fighting forced labour in Latin America

    18 May 2005

    The ILO estimate of the number of victims of forced labour in Latin America and the Caribbean is 1.3 million. Brazil has taken the lead in addressing the problem through its 2003 National Action Plan for the Eradication of Slavery, including the liberation of workers and measures to fight impunity. In 2004, countries like Bolivia, Peru and Paraguay also made important commitments against forced labour.

  2. Global Report on Forced Labour In Asia: debt bondage, trafficking and state-imposed forced labour

    18 May 2005

    With an estimated 9.5 million, the Asia and Pacific region claims the highest number of people among the estimated 12.3 million victims of forced labour in the world today. The region is struggling against both traditional and newer forms of forced labour. An 8.1 million people are trapped in forced labour by means other than trafficking, primarily through debt bondage. But the region is also home to state-imposed forced labour in Myanmar. ILO online reviews the tragic reality of forced labour in Asia.

  3. Forced labour in Africa: between poverty and tradition

    13 May 2005

    The ILO estimate of the number of victims of forced labour in sub-Saharan Africa is 660,000. In this region, the figure reflects the stubborn survival of traditional forms of servitude, but also relates to extreme poverty, a high incidence of child labour, and a context of severe political violence. Where armed conflicts and ethnic tensions have flared, nations have been confronted with the forced recruitment of child soldiers, abductions, and enslavement of whole segments of their population. ILO online draws a picture of forced labour in Africa.

  4. Forced labour: labour exploitation and human trafficking in Europe

    12 May 2005

    Today, an estimated 2.4 million people worldwide are victims of human trafficking, says a new ILO report ( Note 1). While in Asia, Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa, the proportion of trafficked persons is less than 20 per cent of all forced labour, trafficking in industrialized and transition countries accounts for more than 75 per cent of the total. According to the report, economic incentives for trafficking are powerful: the total illicit profits – produced in one year by a single commercial sex worker in industrialized countries – attain an average of US$ 67,200 per year. ILO online draws a picture of human trafficking in Europe.

  5. Modern forms of slavery in industrialized countries

    11 May 2005

    A new report by the ILO estimates that more than 12 million people worldwide are victims of forced labour. But this modern day form of slavery is not restricted to developing countries, and can also be found in industrialized countries, where approximately 360,000 people are forced to work. Two examples of this practice are migrant workers in the German meat industry, and fruit pickers in Florida, United States.

  6. Africa: insecurities compound poverty

    11 May 2005

    JOHANNESBURG - Africa has suffered greater economic insecurity and instability than any other region of the world during the past decade and half. According to a recent ILO report presented at last month's annual meeting of the African Union Labour and Social Affairs Commission, among the 23 African countries for which adequate data are available, 19 fall in the category "much-to-be-done", facing tremendous challenges in terms of policy reforms, building capacity and delivering results. An interview with Guy Standing, Director of the ILO Socio-Economic Security Programme.

  7. World Day for Safety and Health at Work 2005 ILO project aims to take some of the strain from Viet Nam's farmers

    26 April 2005

    The World Day for Safety and Health at Work is held on 28 April each year. A key focus this year is on the prevention of work-related accidents and ill-health. Bangkok based journalist Sam Taylor reports from Viet Nam where a recently tested ILO project aims to give agricultural workers the skills to improve safety on farms in Viet Nam.

  8. World Day for Safety and Health at Work 2005 Promoting construction safety in Cambodia: Prevention is far better than cure

    25 April 2005

    There are annually at least 60,000 fatal accidents on construction sites around the world, according to an ILO report published for World Day for Safety and Health at Work 2005. The focus of this year's World Day to be held on 28 April is on the prevention of work-related accidents and ill-health, particularly in the construction sector. Phnom Penh-based journalist Bronwyn Sloan reports from construction sites in Cambodia.

  9. The Global Social Trust: Health Insurance in Ghana

    25 April 2005

    As part of its campaign to improve and extend social security to all, the ILO has launched the idea of a Global Social Trust that links developed and developing countries to kick-start social protection schemes in the latter. In Luxembourg, the largest trade union confederation, the Onofhängege Gewerkschaftsbond Lëtzebuerg (OGB-L), the Government and the ILO have set up a pilot project to start the collection of voluntary contributions from working people in that country. The resulting trust funds will be used to support a new national health insurance system in Ghana.

  10. After the tsunami Preventing child exploitation in Aceh

    15 April 2005

    The Indonesian province of Banda Aceh was the worst hit by the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami on 26 December 2004. Among the victims of the disaster are many children between the ages of 15-17 who survived the initial disaster, but are now living in camps for displaced persons. To prevent child labour and exploitation of these children, the ILO launched a new training programme in the province in March.