In adopting the strategy of poverty reduction (PRSP) in 2003, the Government undertook to promote macro-economic and sectoral policies to improve growth, reduce poverty and lead Cameroon to the achievement of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

Following the Extraordinary Summit of the African Union, held in September 2004 in Ouagadougou, and on employment and the fight against poverty in Africa, the African Heads of States committed themselves to creating jobs a key dimension of economic and social policies of their countries

The African Ministers of Finance, Planning and Economic Development meeting in Ouagadougou in May 2006, had reaffirmed the importance of employment for poverty reduction and development

The implementation of the PRSP has helped to conduct meaningful action to stabilize the macroeconomic framework, while continuing with the process of developing sector strategies.

Significant efforts are yet to be deployed to significantly improve the lives of people and make as much as possible the Millennium Development Goals

To do this, the Government intends to continue implementation of its policy of accelerated growth through investment in sectors and branches holders, based on strategies for creating jobs favouring the use of local resources. The labour-based approach and its many fields of application in our context provide suitable opportunities to reduce underemployment in developing SME local

The Declaration of National Policy of Employment validated in April 2007 by the National Consultative Commission on Labour’s approach is one of the EIIP Innovative strategies in the fight against unemployment for poverty reduction, as it combines the best use of the abundant manpower available with the optimum use of local resources, whose costs are less compared to the investment community interest

Expected objectives

The strategy to promote employment-intensive approaches in Cameroon's main objective is to contribute to the massive creation of decent jobs, use local resources to reduce poverty, including through investments. The specific objectives of the following:

1. Increased use of labour-based approaches in improving knowledge about the content and the impact they can have on job creation, alleviating poverty and developing the national economy

2. Develop a legal and institutional environment for the planning and implementation of policies and investment programs incorporating labour-based approaches.

3. Developing human resources necessary to implementation labour- based approaches by all categories of stakeholders: national and local policy makers, economic operators, organizations of the civil society

4. Implement concrete actions for the use of labour-based approaches to promoting employment through a demonstration effect in support of efforts by different actors.

Application of the strategy

The strategy of promoting employment-intensive approaches is a central lever of the National Policy of Employment. It applies preferentially to areas of road infrastructure, productive activities, establishment and maintenance of sanitation, environmental protection, buildings and utilities, collection and waste management.

Commitments of the Government

As part of this Declaration and to achieve the above objectives, the Government undertakes to:

1. promote employment-intensive approaches including the introduction of labour-based techniques in the development and implementation of programs and investment projects;

2. ensure an economic, a legal and institutional framework conducive to the implementation of labour-based techniques

3. Make the labour-based approach an important pillar of its national policy of employment;

4. Stimulate, encourage and enhance partnerships with the private sector and social partners in the ownership of employment-intensive approaches.

5. Establish appropriate mechanisms for implementation and monitoring and evaluation of labour-based strategy, based on an interdepartmental committee comprising key actors

6. Provide guidance and support to SMEs engaged in promoting the use of labour-based techniques in the implementation of programs and investment projects

The Government adopted this policy statement to promote employment-intensive approaches to support the National Policy of Employment in its efforts to reduce unemployment and fight against poverty

Demonstration Project

National Program for Rehabilitation of Rural Roads - EIIP component (PN2R) 2009-2013

The development objective of PN2R is to make rural roads year-round in order to stimulate economic growth, contribute to the fight against poverty, consolidating the political sector of rural roads and create jobs.

The expected impact on the medium term improvement of income in the project areas, the use of labor during the work will create immediate jobs, distribute income and jobs generated by the revitalization of local economy.

The project will also strengthen the public works sector, through actions of capacity building to enable the training of administrative managers, SMEs and research departments in the promotion and enforcement of labour-based construction projects rural roads. SMEs will also receive the opportunity to acquire construction materials suitable for labour-based work; through the Capital Development Fund for SMEs will be established.

Objectives / Achievements of the project

The project objective is to rehabilitate about 1,000 km of rural roads by labour-based techniques. To this effect the achievements that relate to specific objectives are:

1. Strengthen and consolidate the expertise of the administration of rural roads in the conduct and promotion of labour-based work:

  • R.11. A three-year program of work-PN2R EIIP (2009-2011) is approved and implemented by stakeholders from November 2009;
  • R.12 data incorporated for reference for the studies and preparation of CAD by January 2010;
  • R.13 HIMO works are of satisfactory quality (through supervision, test sites and demonstration sites) from January 2010
  • R.14 Training System on the EIIP put in place by ENSTP September 2011
  • R.15 Experiments on the EIIP is shared from January 2010
  • R.16 At least 20 cadres of the DRR and DRTP have received training by the end of 2010.
Regarding the specific goal 2: Strengthen the capacity of SMEs road maintenance:

  • R.21 Capital Development Fund for SMEs has been operational from January 2010
  • A2.2 At least 50 companies are equipped by the end of the project
  • R.23 the Empowerment Fund is from January 2012
  • R.24 at least 100 technicians and managers, 25 companies and 10 BETC are trained or educated on employment-intensive approaches the end of 2010.
For the specific objective 3: Support the RECs and local communities to participate in the dynamics of local economic development

  • R.31 A service manual is a reference for maintenance by the ERC routes named in the PN2R from June 2010
  • R.32 About 100 RECs are organized and guided along the routes listed in the PN2R from June 2010
  • R.33 Municipalities are involved in the maintenance of the routes listed in the PN2R from June 2010
  • Regarding the specific objective 4: To manage effectively and efficiently the technical assistance project is implemented
  • R.41 The cell project has the resources and management tools suitable for conducting the project
  • R.42 the monitoring and evaluation will improve the quality of the project.

The PN2R seeks to remove the obstacle to socio-economic of the lack of rural roads passable all year, while contributing to strengthening national capacity for their maintenance. It is thus at the same time contribute to improving the supply of road infrastructure, the introduction of accompanying measures for the development of sector performance, including capacity building and competitiveness.