This paper is concerned with economy-wide categories of employment in the developing world. We use a dual economy framework as a broad analytical device with which to categorise employment in a typical developing economy. It is our view that the framework of a dual economy is essential for constructing more meaningful economy-wide employment indicators than are in use at present. While this is a modest aim, it has directional implications for both data collection and analysis. Our arguments also try and stay away from the semantics of labeling the dual economy.