Enabling Environment for Sustainable Enterprises in the FYR of Macedonia

What has been done:

The enabling environment for sustainable enterprises in the FYR of Macedonia was assessed through a careful review of secondary data, findings from a large national enterprise survey undertaken in FYR of Macedonia , in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with relevant stakeholders, and supplementary information from published and unpublished materials. The assessment produced a detailed identification of barriers that discourage investment, entrepreneurship, job creation and firm competitiveness.

In line with its mandate to contribute to the development of a conducive environment for enterprises in the FYR of Macedonia , the Organisation of Employers of Macedonia (OEM) and the Business Confederation of Macedonia (BCM) have called upon the ILO to assist the organisations to assess the current business environment in the country and to identify areas for improvement.  The information gathered through the assessment enables ILO constituents to identify priorities for the promotion of sustainable enterprises. For OEM and BCM, the analysis of the enabling environment provides an entry points for the development of policy positions and structured and evidence-based advocacy efforts. It is in this context that the two organizations have jointly developed a Strategic Policy Framework for Improved Business Climate for Sustainable Enterprises in Macedonia.

The Survey and its sample:

The EESE Enterprise Survey of FYR of Macedonia was conducted nationwide in 2013, with the aim of identifying and assessing business environment factors that affect business development and job creation in the country. The survey was conducted to investigate more in depth 5 key factors that affect the business environment. To undertake this work, the survey established sampling frames for formal businesses.The survey which comprised  in-depth interviews with a total of 170 top executives of Macedonian companies. The sample of companies covered sectors of particular importance for the Macedonian economy, most notably manufacturing, wholesale, construction, professional activities and other service activities. Regarding size, more than 85% of the sample were small enterprises (1-49 employees), with most of the remaining enterprises being equally split between medium-sized (50-249 employees) and larger enterprises (more than 250 employees).