Enabling Environment for Sustainable Enterprises in Mozambique

What has been done

The enabling environment for sustainable enterprises in Mozambique was assessed through a careful review of secondary data, findings from a national enterprise perception survey, as well as secondary data, a literature review, and two consultative workshops held in May 2018 and February 2019.
In line with its mandate to contribute to the development of a conducive environment for enterprises in Mozambique, the Confederation of Economic Associations (Confederação de Associações Econômicas – CTA) has called upon the ILO to assist the organisation to assess the current business environment in the country and to identify areas for improvement. The perception survey was carried out by the Instituto Superior de Relações Internacionais (CEEI / ISRI) in 2018, and the final results of the EESE assessment were presented in a tripartite event held in August 2019 in Maputo.

The survey and its sample

The EESE Enterprise Survey of Mozambique involved 300 enterprises, both from the formal and informal sector, in 6 of the country’s provinces. Close to 90% of the enterprises interviewed were small or medium, and the majority of the respondents were company managers or owners. The survey questions focused on 8 of the 17 key conditions, and namely
  1. peace and political stability
  2. good governance
  3. social dialogue
  4. physical infrastructure
  5. access to finance
  6. education and training
  7. legal and regulatory environment
  8. macroeconomic policy


Based on the preliminary results of the EESE assessment, ILO constituents have identified three priority conditions, i.e. i) access to financial services, ii) good governance, and iii) peace and political stability, and developed specific action plans to improve the situation of the conditions. Specific follow-up activities on access to finance and stability are currently being implemented with the support of the ILO, and advocacy tools for the national employers’ organization will be developed in early 2020.